小測驗 — 現在完成時的三個標誌詞:just/yet/already

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「Just、yet」 和 「already」 都是常用於現在完成時中的表時間的狀語。在使用的過程中,應該注意它們在句子中的位置。如能掌握這三個副詞的含義,則可以更準確地理解句意。

小提示:在現在完成時的語句中,單詞 「just」 指剛剛發生過的動作;「yet」 表示到現在為止尚未發生的事情;而 「already」 強調比預期要早完成的動作。

做以下八道題,測試你對這三個詞的運用和掌握程度。

1. I’ve read the book, but I ______.

a) haven’t seen yet the film version

b) haven’t seen the film version yet

c) yet haven’t seen the film version

d) haven’t seen the yet film version

2. Which of the following is correct?

a) You are so organised! You’ve written your essay already!

b) You are so organised! You’ve written your already essay!

c) You are so organised! You’ve written already your essay!

d) You are so organised! You’ve already your essay written!

3. Which of the following sentences is correct?

a) What’s the problem? Just I’ve told you how to do it!

b) What’s the problem? I’ve told you how just to do it!

c) What’s the problem? I’ve just told you how to do it!

d) What’s the problem? I’ve told you how to do it just!

4. Have you explained the issue to your boss ______?

a) already

b) just

c) just now

d) yet

5. I’ve ______ come back from America, so I don’t think I’ll be going there again for a while.

a) just

b) yet

c) already

d) as yet

6. I’ve ______ seen all her old paintings. Do you know if she has painted anything new recently?

a) just

b) already

c) yet

d) as yet

7. Which of the following sentences is correct?

a) I had some tea already, thank you.

b) I just had some tea, thank you.

c) I have had some tea yet, thank you.

d) I have just had some tea, but thanks anyway.

8. Which of the following sentences is correct?

a) I already started living in Madrid, I love it here.

b) I haven’t started living in Madrid yet, so I don’t know what it will be like.

c) I have just lived in Madrid, and I want to stay here forever!

d) I already lived in Madrid, so now I want to see what it’s like living in Barcelona.

答案

1) b, 2) a, 3) c, 4) d, 5) a, 6) b, 7) d, 8) b.