小測驗 — 英語中的同義詞和反義詞

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在英語裡,如果兩個詞語的意思相同或相近,那麼它們就被稱作一對 「synonyms 同義詞」,而意思相反的詞語則叫作 「antonyms 反義詞」。各類 「同義詞詞典 thesaurus」 中就收錄了每個詞語的近義、反義詞。試著選出下列題目中特定詞語的同義或反義詞,豐富你的詞彙量。

1. What is the antonym (opposite meaning) of this characteristic: big-headed.

a) small-headed

b) proud

c) modest

d) relaxed

2. Which of these is a synonym (same meaning) of 『usually’?

a) rarely

b) seldom

c) infrequently

d) mostly

3. Which word is not a synonym of the others?

a) happy

b) cheerful

c) down

d) glad

4. What is an antonym of 『inflammable’?

a) flammable

b) fire-retardant

c) combustible

d) burnable

5. Which word is an antonym of 『very big’?

a) ginormous

b) miniscule

c) huge

d) mammoth

6. Which expression has an opposite meaning to the others?

a) They fight like cats and dogs.

b) They get on like a house on fire.

c) They are as thick as thieves.

d) They are like two peas in a pod.

答案

1) c, 2) d, 3) c, 4) b, 5) b, 6) a.