小測驗 — 表 「事與願違」 的虛擬條件句

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英語中的第二類虛擬條件句,也被稱為第三類條件句,用來談論原本希望發生,卻事與願違,沒能發生的事情,突出表達遺憾和責備的情緒。這類句式的結構句分兩部分,第一部分的結構是:If + 主語 + 助動詞 had + 動詞的過去分詞;第二部分的結構是:主語 + would + have + 動詞的過去分詞;兩個部分的先後順序可靈活調換。做下面的八道題,試試你對這類條件句的掌握程度。

1. If I _______ sick, I would have been able to go to work.

a) hadn’t been being

b) hadn’t been

c) wasn’t going to be sick

d) wasn’t

2. We _______ to that curry restaurant again if they hadn’t changed the menu.

a) will have gone

b) will go

c) would have been going

d) would have gone

3. She would have drowned if she _______ able to swim so well.

a) hadn’t been

b) hadn’t been being

c) wouldn’t have been

d) wasn’t being

4. If you _______ the receipt, you could have got a refund for those jeans.

a) didn’t throw away

b) hadn’t threw away

c) hadn’t been throwing away

d) hadn’t thrown away

5. I would have bought that house if I _______ the money.

a) have had

b) had had

c) had been having

d) will have had

6. The trains _______ running normally if there hadn’t been a strike.

a) will have been

b) will be

c) would be

d) would’ve been

7. If _______ to the after-show party, you would have met the lead actor.

a) you’d come

b) you would’ve come

c) you’d been coming

d) you would’ve been coming

8. The taxi driver would have found the street if _______ his satnav.

a) he’ll have used

b) he would’ve used

c) he’d used

d) he will’ve been using

答案

1) b, 2) d, 3) a, 4) d, 5) b, 6) d, 7) a, 8) c.