小測驗 — 英語中區分性別的職業名稱

Gender related job names

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在中文裡,通常我們靠在一個職業名稱前加“男”或“女”來區分做事人的性別,如:男技師、女醫生、女警察等。但英語語言裡沒有規律的、通過詞性或前後綴變化來區分職業性別的方式。有些職業名稱中包含和性別有關的單字,如:postman 郵遞員;policewoman 女警察等;也有些職業名稱性別中立,職業名稱本身並不區分男女,如:midwife 助產士”。通過做下面的測驗,學習英語中常見的、區分性別的職業名稱。

1. Which job title can apply to a man or a woman?

a) fireman

b) firefighter

c) fire person

d) all of the above     

2. What is the job title for a woman who manages a pub or bed and breakfast accommodation?

a) landlord

b) landowner

c) landlady

d) landperson

3. Which gender does the job known as a midwife?

a) only men

b) only women

c) men and women

d) neither – there is no such job title

4. Which is a gender-neutral job title for someone who serves food and drink and looks after your safety on an aeroplane?

a) stewardess

b) host

c) cabin person

d) flight attendant

5. Which is the unisex job title for a person who is in charge of a school?

a) headteacher

b) headperson

c) headmaster

d) all of the above

6. What title could you give to a woman who is in charge of a formal meeting?

a) chairwoman

b) chairperson

c) chair

d) all of the above

答案

1) b, 2) c, 3) c, 4) d, 5) a, 6) d.