Britain’s food waste problem 英國的食物浪費問題

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Britain’s food waste problem 英國的食物浪費問題

學習要點

有關“waste 浪費”的詞匯

邊看邊答

Name something mentioned in the report that wasted food has been used for.

文字稿

OK, it’s past its sell-by date, but this is – or was – food. Grown, produced, processed and discarded; a super-size serving of stinking waste.

Paul Killoughery, Managing Director, Bio Collectors

“It’s amazing how much food is thrown out, and it’s amazing how long it’s taken the message to get through. If you don’t have to eat it, don’t buy it.”

Overproduction is a fact of the modern food industry. Most of the surplus – good nutritious stuff – goes to waste. But here, there’s another way. At the FareShare charity they take the surplus and use it to feed the hungry.

Lindsay Boswell, Chief Executive, FareShare

“The thing that really drives us nuts is it’s going to waste whilst there are people going hungry. We feed, at the moment, half a million people a week – half a million people a week – with this food; we do that to seven thousand frontline charity and community groups.”

Which is good news here at the Melton Learning Hub, where disadvantaged kids get good fresh food.

Sarah Cox, Manager, Melton Learning Hub

“Just for our kids, it means they get a hot meal… they definitely get a hot meal every day. Lots of different circumstances the young people come to us in and this is a brilliant way of using food that would, as you say, go to waste.”

Tackling the issue will mean dumping less food and doing more with whatever goes in the bin. Here it’s used to make valuable fertiliser to generate gas and electricity.

But most of our discarded food still goes to the incinerator or to landfill – perhaps the definition of waste in a hungry world.

好吧,這些食物垃圾都已經過了保存期限,但是它們仍然是,或者說曾經是食物。這些食物殘渣都曾被種植、加工,被丟棄;最後淪為一灘臭氣熏天的超大號垃圾。

保羅·基羅利 Bio Collectors 公司 總經理

“被人們丟掉的食物量大得驚人,而且令人吃驚的是,我們花了這麼長的時間才讓人們明白要珍惜食物這個道理。如果你不吃的話,就不要買。”

生產過剩是現代食品工業的一大事實。多數剩餘的食品,營養豐富,但最後仍淪為垃圾。但這裡的人們想出了避免該狀況發生的另一種方式。英國這家名為“食物分享計劃”的慈善機構會把收集來的剩餘食物發給挨餓的人們。

琳賽·博斯維爾 FareShare 公司 總裁

“讓我們抓狂的是,在食物變為垃圾的同時還有人在挨餓。我們目前每週給五十萬人提供食物 — 我們每週向五十萬人提供這些原本會被浪費掉的食物;我們為七千個一線的慈善和社區團體提供這一服務。”

這對於梅爾頓學習中心來說是個好消息。在這裡,貧困兒童們可以拿到有益健康的新鮮食物。

莎拉·考克斯 梅爾頓學習中心 經理

“對我們這裡的孩子們來說,這意味著他們可以享用熱餐…他們每天肯定會吃到熱菜熱飯。來到這裡尋求幫助的年輕人的境遇彼此不同,然而正如你所說,把原本會浪費掉的食物給孩子們吃是有效利用剩餘食品的絕佳方式。”

解決食物浪費問題將意味著降低食物的傾倒量和更好地利用那些原本會被扔掉的食物。在這裡,人們用殘渣來生產寶貴的肥料,從而生成煤氣和電力。

但我們丟棄的大多食物仍難逃被扔進垃圾焚化爐或掩埋場的命運,也許這就是在這個飢腸轆轆的世界中人們對“浪費”一詞的定義吧。

詞匯

sell-by date
出售截止日期,最遲銷售日期

discarded
被丟棄的

overproduction
生產過剩

surplus
剩餘,過剩

landfill
垃圾掩埋場

你知道嗎?

‘Sell-by’ dates are aimed at the shopkeepers rather than shoppers. They indicate how long the food should remain on sale. A ‘use-by’ date is a really important one to take note of -after this date, the food may not be safe to eat.

“最遲銷售”日期是用來提示店商而非顧客的標識。該日期表明食品可以被放在貨架上出售的時間段。而“保存期限”則是晚於最遲銷售日期的另一個需要留意的重要期限,一旦過了這個日期,食品吃起來則可能不再安全。

問題答案

Wasted food has been used to feed the hungry and also changed into fertiliser to generate gas and electricity.

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