First woman Physics Nobel winner in 55 years 五十五年來首位女性獲諾貝爾物理學獎

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First woman Physics Nobel winner in 55 years 五十五年來首位女性獲諾貝爾物理學獎

學習要點

有關 “inventions 發明” 的詞彙

邊看邊答

What is the practical application of Professor Strickland’s research?

文字稿

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics … The ultimate scientific accolade. And Professor Donna Strickland is only the third woman ever to have won a Nobel Prize in physics. She and her fellow winners were honoured for what the Nobel Committee called ground-breaking inventions in laser physics. Professor Strickland devised a way to use lasers as very precise drilling or cutting tools. Millions of eye operations are performed every year with these sharpest of laser beams.

2018年諾貝爾物理學獎…這是科學界的最高榮譽。而唐娜·斯特里克蘭教授是有史以來第三位獲得諾貝爾物理學獎的女性。她與同獲殊榮的得獎者們憑借被諾貝爾獎委員會稱為具有開創性的激光物理學的發明而獲獎。斯特里克蘭教授發明了一種把激光當作極精准的鑽切工具的方法。每年有數以百萬次的眼科手術都是利用這種最鋒利的激光束而完成的。

How surprising do you think it is that you’re the third woman to win this prize?

你是獲得該獎項的第三位女性,對於這點你感到驚訝嗎?

Professor Donna Strickland, joint winner, Nobel Prize in Physics
Well that is surprising, isn’t it? I think that’s the story that people want to talk about – that why should it take 60 years? There are so many women out there doing fantastic research, so why does it take so long to get recognised?

唐娜·斯特里克蘭教授 諾貝爾物理學獎共同得主之一
“的確很讓人驚訝,不是嗎?我認為這是人們想要談論的事:為什麼用了六十年?有那麼多女性從事著非凡的研究,那麼為什麼花這麼長時間才能得到認可?”

Physics still has one of the largest gender gaps in science. One recent study concluded that at the current rates it would be more than two centuries until there were equal numbers of senior male and female researchers in the field.

物理學界的性別差距排在科學領域的前列。一項新研究得出的結論是:照目前的速度來看,需要兩個多世紀的時間才能在該領域中達到資深男女研究員的人數相等。 

The last woman to win a physics Nobel was German-born Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963 for her discoveries about the nuclei of atoms. Before that it was Marie Curie, who shared the 1903 prize with her husband, Pierre. This year’s winners hope that breaking this half century hiatus will mean the focus in future will be on the research, rather than the gender of the researcher.

上一位獲得諾貝爾物理學獎的女性是生于德國的瑪麗亞·格佩特-梅耶,她在1963年憑借其有關原子核的發現而獲獎。在此之前,“居里夫人” 瑪麗·居里和她丈夫皮埃爾在1903年共同獲得了該殊榮。今年的獲獎者們希望打破半世紀以來無女性得主的空白意味著未來人們將更關注研究本身,而非研究者的性別。

詞彙

ground-breaking 突破性的,開創性的

devised 構思了,發明了

to get recognised 得到認可、表彰

in the field 在該領域內

你知道嗎?

The Nobel Prize was created by Alfred Nobel (1833-1893), a Swedish chemist and the inventor of dynamite. He used the bulk of his huge fortune to establish annual Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. An Economics Prize was added later.

諾貝爾獎由瑞典化學家及炸藥的發明者阿爾弗雷德·諾貝爾(1833-1893)創立。他用自己的巨額財富創立了物理學、化學、生理學或醫學、文學及和平等領域的年度獎項。後來又增加了一個經濟學獎。

問題答案

Professor Strickland’s research is in laser physics: it’s useful in eye operations.

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