Moving London’s dead 倫敦新建高鐵站 公墓需遷址

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本集內容

Moving London’s dead 倫敦新建高鐵站 公墓需遷址

學習要點

有關 “burial 埋葬” 的詞彙 

邊看邊答

Which two noteworthy people are buried at this site?

文字稿

Back in the 1780s, London was running out of space. It had nowhere for the dead. And so, it created new cemeteries. One of them is here next to Euston Station. And now, more than 200 years later, that land is needed for another purpose. The dead are going to have to find a new final resting place.

早在十八世紀八十年代,倫敦城的空間就已經無法滿足需要了。因此沒有能埋葬逝者的地方,所以人們修建了新墓地。其中一個就位於倫敦尤斯頓車站旁。而在兩百多年後的今天,這片土地將另為它用,人們不得不為死者尋找新的安息之所。 

And this is the reason why: this is where London’s high-speed railway station is about to be built. And so, a small army of archaeologists have arrived to move thousands of bodies.

原因是這樣的:這裡將建造倫敦的高鐵站。所以,有一小隊考古學家已經來到這裡,準備搬走數千計屍體。

Caroline Raynor, project manager
So the records for the entire area suggest around sixty thousand people were interred in the cemetery.

卡洛琳·雷諾爾 項目經理
“整個地區的記錄顯示,大約有六萬人被埋葬在這裡。”

But what will happen to all the bodies? Matthew Flinders, the first man to sail around Australia, is buried here. So too is Bill Richmond, one of Britain’s most celebrated boxers.

那麼,這些屍體將會被如何安置?馬修·弗林德斯,首位乘船環游澳大利亞的人就埋葬在這裡。英國最著名的拳擊手之一比爾·里奇蒙也安息於此。

Helen Wass, HS2 Archaeology
Initially, they will be taken for archaeological analysis – so, laboratories. They’ll be stored in a morgue, and again, that’s with the agreement of the church.

海倫·瓦斯 英國高速鐵路2號項目考古部門
“最初,屍體會被用於考古分析,也就是送到實驗室去。它們會被存放在停屍間里,這是得到了教會同意的。”

And then after that everyone will be re-buried in consecrated ground – and this is just the beginning.

每位死者隨後將被重新埋葬在聖地,而這只是開始。

Helen Wass, HS2 Archaeology
Overall, on the whole line during the peak, we’re going to have over 1000 archaeologists excavating over 60 sites. It’s the biggest archaeological investigation ever undertaken in the UK, and probably Europe.

海倫·瓦斯 英國高速鐵路2號項目 考古部門
“總的來講,在最繁忙的時候,整條鐵路上會有上千名考古學家在六十多個工地展開挖掘工作。這是英國乃至歐洲有史以來規模最大的考古調查。”

In this part of London, any development is always going to be building on history. But this one has rather more ghosts than normal.

在倫敦這一地區,任何開發項目都免不了建於歷史事物之上。但這項工程可能要比其它工程更加 “神出鬼沒”。

詞彙

cemeteries 墓地

final resting place 安息之所

interred 被埋葬

morgue 停屍間、太平間

consecrated ground 聖地

你知道嗎?

According to a 2016 YouGov poll, 58% of UK adults would prefer to be cremated whereas only 17% would choose to be buried. 20% were not sure and 5% would choose ‘something else’.

2016年英國輿論調查公司 “YouGov” 的一項調查顯示,有58%的英國成年人更願意被火化,而只有17%的人會選擇被埋葬。其中還有20%的人不確定,而5%的人會選擇 “其它入葬方式”。

問題答案

Matthew Flinders, the first man to sail around Australia, and Bill Richmond, one of Britain’s most celebrated boxers are buried here.

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