The science of singing 歌唱背後的科學知識

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The science of singing 歌唱背後的科學知識

學習要點

有關“hearing 聽力”的詞匯

邊看邊答

What is measured in Alex’s brain to test if singing can benefit his mind?

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This music and singing session for children with a hearing impairment experiments with volume, rhythm and the physical feeling of the way the children use their voices.

And with this computer programme they are able to see what their voices are doing, even if they are unable to hear them.

Professor Graham Welch has been studying how singing can help children with severe hearing issues for three years now and says singing can stimulate the brain.

Professor Graham Welch, University College London
“They’re all engaged in their singing but they’ve actually improved in their measurable singing skills and at the same time there is some evidence of impact on their hearing acuity as well, so that they are better able to discriminate sound.”

To understand how singing affects the brain, we’ve invited Alex Stobbs, a musician, to a neotherapy session.

Alex has cystic fibrosis; he undergoes physical therapy every day and long periods of treatment. Nadia Hristopher is a neuropsychologist. First, she measures the electrical activity in Alex’s brain while he’s resting, then she asks him to sing.

And rested Alex is assessed again. And the results are immediate.

Nadia Hristopher, neuropsychologist
“I mean that shows that theoretically within ten minutes of singing someone can improve clarity of their mind and also perhaps feel emotionally much more uplifted.”

Songs often speak or sing of the importance of music to the heart and to the soul, but it can also be of huge benefit to your brain.

這個為聽覺障礙兒童所設計的音樂歌唱課程,用音量、節奏和孩子們發出聲音時身體的感受進行實驗。

通過這個計算機程序,他們能夠看到自己的聲音如何通過視覺的形式表現出來,即使他們無法聽到自己所發出的聲音。

格雷厄姆·韋爾奇教授從事唱歌是如何輔助有嚴重聽力困難兒童的研究已經三年了,他認為唱歌可以刺激大腦。

格雷厄姆·韋爾奇教授,倫敦大學學院
“他們都投入到唱歌的體驗中,並且歌唱的技巧也有了明顯的提高,同時也有一些証據表明這提高了他們的聽力靈敏度,使得他們能夠更好地辨別聲音。”

為了理解歌唱是如何影響大腦的,我們邀請了一位名叫亞歷克斯·斯托布斯的音樂家,來體驗這個新的神經學療法。

亞歷克斯患有囊腫性纖維化,他每天都進行物理治療,還要定期接受其它治療。娜蒂亞·赫里斯托弗是一名神經心理學家。她先在亞歷克斯休息的時候測量他的腦電波活動,然後再讓他唱歌。

接著,對休息狀態下的亞歷克斯再次進行評估。結果是顯而易見的。

娜蒂亞·赫里斯托弗,神經心理學
“結果表明,從理論上講,當一個人開始歌唱,十分鐘內他的頭腦思緒就會更加清晰,同時也可能感到情緒比之前更高漲。”

歌曲不僅可以表達出音樂對于人類心靈的重要性,還可對人類的大腦大有裨益。

詞匯

hearing impairment
聽覺障礙

stimulate
刺激

hearing acuity
聽力靈敏度

discriminate
區分,區別,分辨

你知道嗎?

Neuro- is the prefix used to describe anything to do with the brain, nerve or nervous system. For example: neuroscience, neurosurgeon, neuro-therapy.

Neuro- 是用來表達與大腦、神經或神經系統相關意思的前綴,例如:神經科學、神經外科醫生和神經療法。

問題答案

A neuropsychologist measures the electrical activity in Alex’s brain before and after singing to prove it can help his mind.

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