‘Know your cholesterol like you know your Pin code’ 像熟記銀行密碼一樣記住自己的膽固醇值

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人們對自己的銀行帳戶密碼諳熟於心,對自身的膽固醇或血壓值卻茫無所知。專家建議要像熟記密碼一樣瞭解這些能挽救生命的數值,因為這些數字能揭示導致心臟病發作和中風的心血管疾病的早期徵兆。

文字稿

Cardiovascular disease, which contributes to heart attacks, stroke and dementia, is the main cause of premature death and disability in England, accounting for one death every four minutes.

心血管疾病可引發心臟病、中風和失智症。在英格蘭地區,它是早逝和殘疾的要因,每四分鐘就有一人因此而死亡。

But the underlying conditions that lead to the onset of cardiovascular disease, such as an abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation, high blood pressure or high cholesterol can develop without any obvious symptoms.

但導致心血管疾病發作的潛在病症,比如,被稱作心房顫動的心律異常、高血壓或高膽固醇可能在毫無明顯徵兆的情況下發生。

It’s thought that more than five million people in England alone are currently living with undiagnosed high blood pressure. So health experts are now calling for a concerted effort to improve the number of people over 40 who access NHS health checks, often via their GP or practice nurse. Doctors say we all know our bank Pin numbers, but not the important numbers relating to our blood pressure and cholesterol that could save our lives.

人們認為,僅在英格蘭就有 500 多萬人目前雖患有高血壓卻未被確診。所以,健康專家現在正呼籲大家齊心協力,提高 40 歲以上人群接受英國國家醫療服務體系健康檢查的人數,檢查大多通過全科醫生或診所護士來安排。醫生說,我們都記得自己的銀行密碼,卻不知道能挽救我們生命的血壓和膽固醇值是多少。

1. 詞彙

cardiovascular disease 心血管疾病
heart attacks 心臟病發作
stroke 中風
dementia 失智症
premature 過早的
disability 殘疾
accounting for 導致,引起
abnormal 異常的
heart rhythm 心律
atrial fibrillation 心房顫動
high blood pressure 高血壓
high cholesterol 高膽固醇
undiagnosed 未確診的
concerted effort 齊心協力
Pin 「personal identification number 個人身份識別碼」 的縮寫,即辦理銀行業務時輸入的密碼

2. 閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題 。

1. True or false? It is believed that in England alone more than five million people suffering from high blood pressure have not been identified by doctors.

2. What is the main cause of premature death and disability in England?

3. What do our Pin numbers have to do with the report?

4. Which word in the text means 『difficult to discover and not obvious 』?

3. 答案

1. True or false? It is believed that in England alone more than five million people suffering from high blood pressure have not been identified by doctors.
It’s thought that more than five million people in England alone are currently living with undiagnosed high blood pressure.

2. What is the main cause of premature death and disability in England?
Cardiovascular disease, which contributes to heart attacks, stroke and dementia, is the main cause of premature death and disability in England.

3. What do our Pin numbers have to do with the report?
Doctors say we all know our bank Pin numbers, but not the important numbers relating to our blood pressure and cholesterol that could save our lives.

4. Which word in the text means 『difficult to discover and not obvious 』?
Underlying.