UK ‘needs more overseas vets and architects’ 英國 「需要更多來自海外的獸醫和建築師」

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國政府相關部門顧問表示,英國應對來自歐洲以外的獸醫、網頁設計師、心理學家和建築師放寬移民政策。英國移民諮詢委員會說,這些工作應該被列入旨在填補英國勞動力市場缺口的名單中。

文字稿

The government has strict rules for the recruitment of skilled workers from outside the European Economic Area, but those restrictions are relaxed for jobs which are placed on the shortage occupation list because they’re difficult to fill.

英國政府對招聘來自歐洲經濟區以外的專業技術類工作者有嚴格的規定,但對於那些由於難以填補而被列入短缺職業名單的工作,這些限制可被放寬。

The Migration Advisory Committee says the list should be widened to cover nine percent of jobs in the labour market, compared to one per cent now. Among the reasons it gives are lower unemployment, a rising number of vacancies and a reduction in the supply of workers from within the EU.

英國移民諮詢委員會表示,這個名單應相應擴大,以涵蓋勞動力市場中9%的就業崗位,而目前此比例僅為1%。諮詢委員會列出的原因包括失業率下降、職位空缺增多以及歐盟內部勞動力供應減少。

1. 詞彙表

strict 嚴格的
recruitment 招聘
relaxed 放寬了,放鬆了
shortage 短缺
be widened 被擴大
labour market 勞動力市場
unemployment 失業率
vacancies 職位空缺

2. 閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. Which parts of the world does the British government’s strict rules on recruitment of skilled workers apply to?

2. How strict are the British government’s rules on recruitment of skilled workers for jobs that are difficult to fill?

3. What percentage of UK jobs are currently allowed to be filled by people from outside the European Economic Area?

4. True or false? A lower number of vacancies is one reason why the Migration Advisory Committee wants to see an increase in the number of people from outside the European Economic Area to be allowed to work in the UK.

3. 答案

1. Which parts of the world does the British government’s strict rules on recruitment of skilled workers apply to?
The Government has strict rules for the recruitment of skilled workers from outside the European Economic Area.

2. How strict are the British government’s rules on recruitment of skilled workers for jobs that are difficult to fill?
Not as strict. The rules are relaxed for jobs which are placed on the shortage occupation list because they’re difficult to fill.

3. What percentage of UK jobs are currently allowed to be filled by people from outside the European Economic Area?
The Migration Advisory Committee says the list (of skilled jobs) should be widened to cover nine percent of jobs in the labour market, compared to one per cent now.

4. True or false? A lower number of vacancies is one reason why the Migration Advisory Committee wants to see an increase in the number of people from outside the European Economic Area to be allowed to work in the UK.
False. A rising number of vacancies is one reason why the Migration Advisory Committee wants to see an increase in the number of people from outside the European Economic Area to be allowed to work in the UK.