The secret of giraffes’ long legs 長頸鹿細長下肢的秘密

Is being tall a good thing? Scientists study how giraffes move.

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文字稿

Sticking their necks out for scientific research.

These giraffes at a zoo near London are helping researchers find out just how their spindly legs work.

Experts are using special technology to measure the animals’ leg movements. They want to see if being tall is a help or a hindrance to moving around. 

The scientists also hope to solve the evolutionary mystery of how these animals developed from their more modestly proportioned ancestors.

中文文字稿

這些長頸鹿為了科研不惜冒險。

倫敦附近一個動物園內的這些長頸鹿正在協助科研人員探索它們瘦長的下肢究竟是如何運作的。

專家們使用特殊技術來測量長頸鹿兩腿的動作。他們想看看它們超高的身體對行走究竟是利還是弊。 

科學家也想揭開一項進化秘密:現代長頸鹿是如何從身體比例均勻的祖先進化過來的。

詞彙

sticking their necks out 冒風險

spindly 長的、瘦弱的

hindrance 障礙,妨礙

evolutionary 生物進化的

modestly proportioned 身體比例均勻的

練習

以下練習中的語句全部選自於其他網頁。請從下面的詞彙表裡選擇答案來完成句子。注意:你可能需要改變單字的時態來完成句子。

sticking their necks out / spindly / hindrance / evolutionary / modestly proportioned

1. Scientists have used CT scans to make 3D models of fossil harvestmen, revealing just how little these __________ invertebrates have changed in 300 million years.

2. Suddenly, campaign ads, which had previously been __________ fly-poster style efforts became 48 sheet billboards displayed in prominent High Street locations, where they could compete for eyeballs with major consumer brands.  

3. A machine that runs an artificial finger across different types of surface is being used to investigate the __________origins of the pattern of ridges on the ends of our digits.

4. Doran revealed it was the first time the Shakespeare comedies Love’s Labour’s Lost and Much Ado About Nothing had been paired. “It’s always struck me that these plays belong together and so strong is my sense that I am __________ to say that Much Ado About Nothing may also have been known as Love’s Labour’s Won in Shakespeare’s lifetime,” said Doran.

5. Divya Arora, a scriptwriter with cerebral palsy, thinks that disability is no __________ to achieving her dream of making it big in Bollywood.

答案

1. Scientists have used CT scans to make 3D models of fossil harvestmen, revealing just how little these spindly invertebrates have changed in 300 million years.

2. Suddenly, campaign ads, which had previously been modestly-proportioned fly-poster style efforts became 48 sheet billboards displayed in prominent High Street locations, where they could compete for eyeballs with major consumer brands.   

3. A machine that runs an artificial finger across different types of surface is being used to investigate the evolutionary origins of the pattern of ridges on the ends of our digits.

4. Doran revealed it was the first time the Shakespeare comedies Love’s Labour’s Lost and Much Ado About Nothing had been paired. “It’s always struck me that these plays belong together and so strong is my sense that I am sticking my neck out to say that Much Ado About Nothing may also have been known as Love’s Labour’s Won in Shakespeare’s lifetime,” said Doran.

5. Divya Arora, a scriptwriter with cerebral palsy, thinks that disability is no hindrance to achieving her dream of making it big in Bollywood.

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