Could you be flexitarian? 試做一名彈性素食者

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你能不能少吃肉、多吃蔬菜和水果來保護環境?一種叫做 「彈性素食主義」 的新概念近兩年來逐漸流行起來,據說這種飲食有助於減緩地球氣候變化,而且對人們的健康也有好處。本集節目討論飲食新時尚 – 彈性素食主義。

Vocabulary: eating 詞彙: 飲食

What kind of food do you eat? Are you conscious of the types of food you consume or do you stuff yourself silly with whatever is available? Today, we are constantly bombarded with media reports about research on the right diet to follow to help us maintain a healthy lifestyle or lose weight – but it’s hard to know which one to pick and, once chosen, it’s harder still to stick to it.  And now there’s another choice to get our teeth into.

A flexitarian diet involves eating plant-based foods and only occasionally eating meat and fish. You might think this is a halfway house to being a vegetarian by not completely abstaining from meat. But if vegetarianism is hard to swallow and you fancy chomping on the occasional lean steak, then this could be the choice for you.

This eating style allows you to supplement some ingredients that you wouldn’t get in a stricter vegan diet – another trend growing in popularity. And like veganism, flexitarianism isn’t about eating carefully to help you lose a few pounds – it’s something people choose for ethical reasons, to help the planet. And a study into the global food system and how it affects the climate, has found that eating mainly plant-based foods is one of three key steps towards a sustainable future for all by 2050.

This research found that food waste will need to be halved and farming practices will also have to improve to achieve this. But without a single solution, a combined approach is needed. Dr Marco Springmann from the University of Oxford was one of the lead authors of the report. He told the BBC “We really found that a combination of measures would be needed to stay within environmental limits and those include changes towards healthier more plant-based diets.”

But whereas vegans think it’s wrong for animals to be killed for food, flexitarians believe eating meat once in a while is acceptable. And Dr Springmann agrees – as long as we “treat it as a luxury, it’s probably OK but you shouldn’t have more than one serving of red meat, which includes beef and pork, per week.” And here’s another fact to digest: If we moved to this type of diet, the study found that greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture would be cut by more than half.

詞彙表

stuff yourself 大吃大喝
diet 日常飲食
get your teeth into something 專注做某事
flexitarian 彈性素食者
plant-based 植物性的,基於植物的
halfway house 折中辦法
vegetarian 素食者
abstain 節制
hard to swallow (雙關語)難以下嚥,令人難以接受
chomp  大聲地咀嚼
lean (肉)瘦的
supplement 補充,增加
ingredient (食品的)成分,食材
vegan 純素食主義者(不食用、不使用任何動物產品)
veganism 純素食主義
flexitarianism 彈性素食主義
ethical 道德的
food waste 食品浪費
serving (飯食的)一份
red meat 紅肉(由指牛肉、豬肉、羊肉)
digest (雙關語)消化,理解
greenhouse gas emissions 溫室氣體排放

測驗與練習

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. Give one reason mentioned in the article for following a diet.

2. According to the study, what is the benefit of eating mainly plant-based food?

3. According to Dr Marco Springmann, which measure is needed to improve the environment?

4. True or false? Being a vegan involves not eating any meat.

5. Which word used in the article means ‘ability to continue at the same level for a long time’.

2.  請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思合適的單詞填入句子的空格處。

1. It took a while to ______ the news about his grandfather’s death.

digested       digesting       digest       digestible

2. I’ve not been very good at eating healthily so I’m taking some vitamin tablets to ______ my diet.

ingredient       supplement       digest       abstain

3. I found her story about wrestling a grizzly bear ______.

hard to swallow       hard swallowing       hard to swallowing       swallow too hard

4. My doctor says I need to eat more healthily and cut ______ from my diet.

luxury       food waste       ingredients       red meat

5. I’m going ‘dry’ this month and ______ from drinking any alcohol.

chomping       dieting       abstaining       serving

答案

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. Give one reason mentioned in the article for following a diet.
To help us maintain a healthy lifestyle, lose weight or help the planet.

2. According to the study, what is the benefit of eating mainly plant-based food?
The study found that eating mainly plant-based foods is one of three key steps towards a sustainable future for all by 2050.

3. According to Dr Marco Springmann, which measure is needed to improve the environment?
He said that “a combination of measures (so more than one) would be needed to stay within environmental limits and those include changes towards healthier more plant-based diets.”

4. True or false? Being a vegan involves not eating any meat.
True. Vegans do not eat meat but flexitarians can eat meat occasionally.

5. Which word used in the article means ‘ability to continue at the same level for a long time’.
Sustainable (“Eating mainly plant-based foods is one of three key steps towards a sustainable future for all by 2050.”)

2.  請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思合適的單詞填入句子的空格處。

1. It took a while to digest the news about his grandfather’s death.

2. I’ve not been very good at eating healthily so I’m taking some vitamin tablets to supplement my diet.

3. I found her story about wrestling a grizzly bear hard to swallow.

4. My doctor says I need to eat more healthily and cut red meat from my diet.

5. I’m going ‘dry’ this month and abstaining from drinking any alcohol.