後綴 -ish 在口語中的用法

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內容簡介

主持人 Roy 買了一件新毛衣,同事佳瑩將這件毛衣形容為 「niceish」。這裡,佳瑩到底是不是在說毛衣很 「nice(好看)」?在數字後面加 「-ish」 是什麼意思?聽兩個人的對話,學習後綴 「-ish」 在口語中的含義和用法。

文字稿

(關於台詞的備註: 請注意這不是廣播節目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能沒有體現錄製、編輯過程中對節目做出的改變。)

Jiaying
大家好,我是佳瑩。歡迎收聽 BBC英語教學的 「道地英語」 節目。

Roy
And hello, I’m Roy. Hey, Jiaying, I’ve just bought this new animal jumper! What do you think? It’s got a sparkly unicorn on it!

Jiaying
Well, it certainly is colourful! And you clearly love it. I’m not sure I’d wear it, but it’s nice… ish.

Roy
Nice fish? What are you talking about? It’s a stunning unicorn, not a nice fish!

Jiaying
不是的,Roy。我說的是 「niceish」。在英語口語中,人們可能會在部分形容詞後加上後綴 「-ish, I S H」,用來表示 「有點……」,「……左右」。有時,我們可以單獨使用 「ish」,通常用來回應他人在上文中說過的話。So, when I said 『niceish’ – I meant to say that your jumper is OK, but not exactly nice.

Roy
Wait – so you don’t like my jumper? Do you think it looks a bit unprofessional?

Jiaying
Ish!

Roy
Oh, no! I think I need to go and change. I have a big meeting later on. I’m going to buy a new jumper.

Jiaying
Let’s listen to some examples of 『ish’ while you buy a jumper.

Examples
I didn’t love the film, but it was goodish. It was OK.

When she asked me if I was OK, I just said 『ish’. I think she knows I’m not happy.

I might be a little late to the meeting, but I should arrive by about 5ish.

Jiaying
你正在收聽的是 BBC英語教學的 「道地英語」 節目。我們正在討論後綴 「-ish」,在非正式口語中,我們可以把它放在一些形容詞的後面,意思是 「有點……」,「……左右」。它也可以單獨使用,通常用來回答他人的問題。另外,「-ish」 也可以用在表示時間、年齡等的數字後面,意思是 「大約,左右」。

Roy
So, I bought a new jumper. This one has a beaver playing a ukulele on it! Do you think this one is better?

Jiaying
Ish. At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter whether I like your jumper or not. What’s important is that you like it.

Roy
Well, I love it. But I think I might change into my suit for that meeting. I want to make a good impression with the new boss.

Jiaying
That’s a good idea!

Roy
Yeah – I’ll get changed now. Can you tell everyone I’ll be lateish – but I should get to the meeting by 1ish.

Jiaying
I sure will! Bye, Roy.

Roy
Bye.