如何區分搭配 「my own」 和 「on my own」?

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內容簡介

搭配 「my own」 雖然只比 「on my own」 少了一個介詞 「on」,但它們的意思和用法卻大有不同。「My own」 的意思是 「我自己的」,前面加動詞則表示 「為我自己做某事」;而 「on my own」 的意思則是 「我獨自地,我單獨地」,相當於 「by myself」。學習這兩個搭配各自的用法,參考實用例句,看影片。

文字稿

My own or on my own – what difference does the little preposition on make? Quite a lot! Let’s have a look together.

My own or your own after a verb means that we do something to or for ourselves instead of somebody else doing it to or for us.

I like the idea of growing my own vegetables.
Have you ever cut your own hair?

Obviously, you can change my or your for any other possessive adjective.

On my own or on your own means exactly the same as ‘alone’.

I don’t think I could live on my own.
Have you ever been on holiday on your own?

Again, you can change my or your for any other possessive adjective.

In these cases, you can also say ‘by myself’ or ‘by yourself’ using the reflexive pronoun with exactly the same meaning!

Have you ever cut your own hair?

用法總結

1. 在動詞後面使用搭配 「my own (我自己的)」,可以表達 「我為自己或對自己做某事」。這裡的 「my」 可以用其它形容詞性物主代詞代替,如 「your」、「her」、「his」、「their」、「our」 等。

  • Can you make your own decision, please?
  • The little girl is doing her own laundry!
  • He makes his own dinner every day.

2. 「On my own」 的作用類似於副詞 「alone」,用來表示 「我獨自地」。這裡的 「my」 也可以用其它形容詞性物主代詞代替。

  • I think she likes spending time on her own.
  • He lives on his own.
  • We were on our own when the doorbell rang.

3. 我們可以用 「by myself」 來表達和 「on my own」 一樣的含義。這裡的 「myself」 可以用其它反身代詞代替,如 「yourself」、「herself」、「himself」、「themselves」、「ourselves」 等。

  • I think she likes spending time by herself.
  • He lives by himself.
  • The kids went to school by themselves.