動詞後綴 -ed 的三種發音

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內容簡介

英語中部分動詞的過去式或過去分詞以後綴 「-ed」 結尾。在這些動詞中,後綴 「-ed」 有三種發音方式。分別是哪三種?應如何判斷?看 「一分鐘英語」 影片,跟主持人 Phil 學習後綴 「-ed」 在動詞中的發音規則。

文字稿

Did you know these two letters can be pronounced in three different ways?

They can be /d/, /t/ or /ɪd/. Here’s how to find out which.

First, feel your neck. If a sound makes it vibrate like /d/, then it’s voiced. If it doesn’t like /t/, then it isn’t.

Where ‘ed’ comes after a vowel or a voiced consonant, then pronounce it as /d/, which is a voiced sound. Played, used.

If you have ‘ed’ after an unvoiced sound, then it sounds like /t/ – an unvoiced sound. Looked, helped.

If you have ‘t’ or ‘d’, then ‘ed’ becomes /ɪd/ – it’s just easier to say. Wanted, needed.

So, if ‘ed’ comes after a voiced sound, then it’s voiced. If it comes after an unvoiced sound, then it’s unvoiced, and if it comes after /t/ or /d/, then it’s /ɪd/.

用法總結

1. 動詞以母音或濁輔音結尾時,後綴 「-ed」 讀作 /d/。

  • played
  • used
  • paved
  • slowed

2. 動詞以清音結尾時,後綴 「-ed」 讀作 /t/。

  • looked
  • helped
  • fixed
  • cracked

3. 動詞以 /t/ 或 /d/ 結尾時,後綴 「-ed」 讀作 /ɪd/。

  • wanted
  • needed
  • printed
  • moulded