如何區分 beside 和 besides

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內容簡介

雖然 「beside」 和 「besides」 在拼寫上只差一個字母 「s」,但它們的意思和用法卻完全不同。它們的不同點具體是什麼?在本期 「一分鐘英語」 視頻中,主持人 Phil 介紹這兩個看似相近,實則不同的詞語的用法。

文字稿

Hi, I’m Phil, and I’m going to tell you the difference between beside and besides.

That’s one small letter, but it’s quite a big difference.

Beside (with no ‘s’) is a preposition, and we usually use it to talk about physical position.

So you can say: Put the chair beside the table.
Or: Come and sit beside me.

It’s like a more formal version of ‘next to’.

Now, besides (with an ‘s’) is either a preposition or an adverb, and is often used to add information.

Besides knowing grammar well, you need to have a good vocabulary.
You should do something else besides studying.

Here, it’s like ‘as well as’.

As an adverb, it’s often used to add a more important or stronger point.

I’m going to practise now because I’ve got time and besides, I need to!

It’s like a less formal version of ‘moreover’.

So, besides remembering that beside is for physical position, remember that besides is for adding information.

用法總結

1. 「Beside」 是介詞,表物理方位 「在…旁邊」,相當於更正式一點的 「next to」。

  • Put the chair beside the table.
  • Come and sit beside me.
  • The cinema is beside the park.

2. 「Besides」 作介詞用時,意思為 「除了…之外,還/且」,類似於 「as well as」。

  • Besides knowing grammar well, you need to have a good vocabulary.
  • You should do something else besides studying.
  • Besides enjoying reading, she loves playing football.

3. 「Besides」 作副詞用時,意思為 「此外,況且」,通常用來添加更重要或更強烈的觀點,相當於不那麼正式的 「moreover」。

  • I’m going to practise now because I’ve got time and besides, I need to!
  • I want to go and lie down. Besides, I have a headache.
  • I don’t want to drive now. Besides, it’s really dark.