Hard 和 hardly 的用法和區別

1727

內容簡介

雖然 「hard」 和 「hardly」 從拼寫上看只差兩個字母,但它們的意思和用法卻大相逕庭。其中,「hard」 作形容詞時的主要意思包括 「堅硬的」、「困難的」 和 「辛苦的」,作副詞時可以表示 「努力地」;「hardly」 是副詞,表示 「幾乎不」。跟 「一分鐘英語」 視頻快速學習這兩個詞各自的用法。

文字稿

Hi, I’m Phil, and I’m going to tell you about the difference between hard and hardly.

Hard, we can use it in lots of different ways, but it usually means strong, difficult or intense.

“Ow – that ball is hard.”

“Calculus is hard.”

“That was really hard work.”

Hardly is an adverb and it can mean ‘almost not’.

“This is too small. I can hardly read it.”

We can use it with 『any’ to talk about quantity.

For example: “There is hardly any water in this cup.”

We can use it with ‘ever’ for frequency.

For example: “I hardly ever play basketball.”

To help you remember:

It’s hard for me to play tennis, because I hardly ever train.

I can hardly walk afterwards, because I’ve been running hard.

I often get hurt because the ball’s hard and there’s hardly any time to get out of the way!

用法總結

1. 形容詞 「hard」 最常見的含義有 「堅硬的」、「困難的」 和 「辛苦的」。

  • Ow – that ball is hard.
  • Calculus is hard.
  • That was really hard work.

2. 副詞 「hard」 可以表示 「努力地,辛苦地」。

  • I’ve been running hard.

3. 副詞 「hardly」 的意思是 「幾乎不」。

  • This is too small. I can hardly read it.

「Hardly」 與 「any」 搭配,表數量: 「幾乎沒有」。

  • There is hardly any water in this cup.

「Hardly」 與 「ever」 搭配,表頻率: 「幾乎從不」。

  • I hardly ever play basketball.

4. 用下面三個句子來練習辨析 「hard」 和 「hardly」 的用法:

  • It’s hard for me to play tennis, because I hardly ever train.
  • I can hardly walk afterwards, because I’ve been running hard.
  • I often get hurt because the ball’s hard and there’s hardly any time to get out of the way!