辨析易混動詞 hear 和 listen

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內容簡介

動詞 「hear」 和 「listen」 都可以描述 「聽」 這個動作,但它們的用法卻不同,所以不能互換使用。哪個詞可以表達 「聽音樂」 的 「聽」?哪個詞的意思是 「聽到聲音」?聽主持人 Roy 的講解,學習 「hear」 和 「listen」 之間的區別。

文字稿

Hi! I’m Roy, and today I’m going to tell you the difference between two words that are often confused: hear and listen.

Hear is the verb we use to talk about the ability. It doesn’t mean that we want to hear something. It’s about sounds coming to our ears.

I can hear the air conditioning. It doesn’t mean that I want to hear it, but I can.

The verb listen is often followed by the preposition ‘to’. We use this verb when we’re paying attention or focusing on sounds.

I hope you’re listening to me. That means I hope you’re paying attention.

Compare these two sentences:
I can hear some music (somewhere).
I am listening to some music. I’m listening to a song that I want to listen to.

Anyway, I’ve got to go. I can hear my boss calling me.

用法總結

1. 動詞 「hear」 描述的是 「可以聽到」 的能力,表示聲音進入耳朵是無意識的動作,與這個人的意願無關。

  • I can hear the air conditioning.
  • I can hear my boss calling me.
  • He heard something and woke up.

2. 動詞 「listen」 強調有意識的 「去聽,注意聽」,或 「傾聽」,後常接介詞 「to」。

  • I hope you’re listening to me.
  • Listen! Who’s there?
  • You should listen to your parents.

3. 對比下面兩個句子,記憶 「hear」 和 「listen」 的含義和用法。

  • I can hear some music.  (我能聽見有音樂聲)
  • I am listening to some music.  (我在聽我想聽的音樂)