How to use ‘wish’ 「Wish」 的用法

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內容簡介

你有什麼心願?你此時希望做什麼事情?在表達自己的願望時,可以用 「I wish…」 句式。由 「I wish」 引導的從句使用虛擬語氣,其時態隨願望的時間點而變化。本集 「一分鐘英語」 講解 「I wish」 句式中的時態變化。

文字稿

Tom
Hi, everyone. Tom here, from BBC Learning English in London. And today, I’m going to tell you what to say after the word wish.

When we’re talking about wishes, we’re talking about situations that are imaginary or unreal. To show this, after saying ‘I wish’, we use the past to talk about the wish, which is in the present.

So, I could say: I wish I had a cup of tea. Ah, thank you!

Now, if we want to make a wish about the past, we need to use the past past – or the past perfect.

For example: I wish I had chosen a more formal shirt before I filmed this video today.

用法總結

Wish
‘Wish’ is a verb which talks about unreal or imagined situations. Because of this, it has some unusual verb patterns:
動詞 「wish」 用來談論不真實的或想像中的情況。因此,「wish」 引導的從句的謂語形式很特別。

A present wish
When we want to make a wish about a present situation, we use wish and a past simple or continuous verb.
如果所談論的願望與現在的情況有關,「wish」 引導的從句謂語用一般過去時/過去進行時。

  • I don’t have my umbrella. I wish I had my umbrella.
  • She doesn’t know the answer. I wish she knew the answer.
  • You’re at work, but you wish you were playing football, right?

A past wish
When we want to make a wish about a past action or situation, we use wish and the past perfecthad + past participle verb.
如果所談論的願望與過去的動作、行為或情況有關,「wish」 引導的從句謂語用過去完成時,即 「had + 過去分詞」。

I’m so tired. I wish I had slept for another hour last night.
She knows she made a mistake. She wishes she hadn’t been so silly.
You were right. I shouldn’t have quit my job. I wish I had listened to you.