「In」 作時間介係詞時的五個用法


介係詞 「in」 除了有 「在……裡面」 的意思,它還可以作時間介係詞,表示 「在……期間」 或 「在……(時間)之內」。本集 「一分鐘英語」 講解時間介係詞 「in」 的五個用法。


Hi, I’m Phil from BBC Learning English. Today, I’m going to tell you five ways to use in with time expressions.

Number one: months. I can say: I’m going on holiday in May.

Number two: seasons. So, we can say: In winter, it’s cold.

Number three: years. So, I can say: I finished school in 2000.

Number four: most times of day. I leave home in the morning. I get home in the evening. But, I go to sleep at night. It’s an exception!

Number five: We use it with in the past, in the present and in the futureIn the future, you’ll learn everything from videos.


In is a preposition of time. It can be used with:
「In」 作時間介係詞時,可與以下類型的詞語搭配使用:

1. in + 月份

  • I’m going on holiday in May.
  • I’ll next see you at Christmas in December.
  • I think we arrived some time in June.

2. in + 季節

  • In winter, it’s cold.
  • I think this year I’ll have my holiday in summer.
  • Mummy, do the leaves fall off the tree in spring or in autumn?

3. in + 年份

  • I finished school in 2000.
  • The Titanic sank in 1912.
  • I grew up in the 1930s.

4. in + 一天的上午、下午和晚上

  • I leave home in the morning.
  • I’ll see you in the afternoon.
  • I get home in the evening.

Be careful!
要注意!表示 「在夜裡」 時,用介係詞 「at」。

  • I can’t sleep at night.

5. in + 過去、現在、將來

  • In the past, people died much younger.
  • You need to learn to live in the present.
  • In the future, you’ll learn everything from videos.