怎樣區分 lay 和 lie?

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內容簡介

「Lay」 和 「lie」 是一對非常容易混淆的動詞,這不僅因為它們的發音和拼寫相近,還因為它們的含義也有相似之處。它們當中的哪一個意思是 「平放」?哪一個是 「平躺」?它們都是及物動詞嗎?它們的過去式分別是什麼?本集節目教你如何分辨 「lay」 和 「lie」。

文字稿

I’m Sian from BBC Learning English, and today we’re going to look at the difference between lay and lie.

So, lay always has an object, and it means ‘put something or someone down carefully’ – normally in a flat position.

When I eat I lay a cloth on the table. You can lay a baby in a cot.

The past tense is laid, but careful with the spelling. I laid all my cards on the table.

The verb lie doesn’t have an object and it means that you are ‘in a flat position’ or you ‘put yourself in a flat position’ – so you move on your own.

Tonight I want to lie on the sofa and watch a film.

But be careful. Now, the past of lie is lay. Yesterday I lay on the beach and read my book.

Lay 和 lie 的用法總結

1. 「Lay」 的意思是 「小心地放置,平放」。它是及物動詞,後面必須跟賓語。

  • When I eat, I lay a cloth on the table.
  • You can lay a baby in a cot.

「Lay」 的過去式是 「laid」。

  • I laid all my cards on the table.

2. 「Lie」 的意思是 「平躺,平臥」,指某人自己移動。它是不及物動詞,後不跟賓語。

  • Tonight I want to lie on the sofa and watch a film.

「Lie」 的過去式是 「lay」。

  • Yesterday I lay on the beach and read my book.