混合條件句的基本用法總結

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內容簡介

在英語中,混合條件句(mixed conditionals)或錯綜條件句通過不同的時態,來談論與過去相反的情況所導致的現在可能發生的結果。這類句子的結構看似複雜,但如果理解了主句和從句之間的關係,就不難掌握它的用法。本集 「一分鐘英語」 視頻教你如何使用混合條件句。

文字稿

Hi! I’m Georgina from BBC Learning English. In today’s lesson, we’re looking at mixed conditionals.

We usually use mixed conditionals to talk about a past imaginary situation that has a present imaginary result.

For example: If I had eaten breakfast, I wouldn’t be hungry now.

The first phrase uses the same structure as the third conditional – if + past perfect. This is because it is a past imaginary situation. It’s not true. I didn’t eat breakfast.

The second phrase uses the same structure as the second conditional – would + infinitive (no to). This is because it is a present imaginary result. It’s not true. I am hungry because I didn’t eat breakfast.

Don’t forget to put the comma in after the ‘if’ clause.

Bye for now!

用法總結

混合條件句的前半部分結構為 「if + 過去完成式」,用來提出與過去事實相反或不符的情況;後半部分結構為 「would + 動詞原形」,引出若之前提出的假象條件成立,現在可能發生的結果。注意,「if」 從句在前時,從句後加逗號;「if」 從句在後時,不加逗號。

  • If I had eaten breakfast, I wouldn’t be hungry now.
    (實際上之前沒有吃早飯,所以現在很餓)
  • If he had studied harder, he would have a better job.
    (實際上之前沒有努力學習,所以現在的工作一般)
  • She wouldn’t be late for the meeting if it hadn’t been raining so hard.
    (實際上之前雨很大,所以沒能按時到達)