On time 和 in time 「按時」 還是 「及時」?

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內容簡介

搭配 「on time」 和 「in time」 都可以用來描述事情發生的時間與日程、安排之間的聯繫。它們當中一個表示 「按時」,另一個則表示 「及時」 —— 你能分清嗎?比如,「火車沒有準時到站」 中的 「準時」 用哪個更恰當?看視頻,聽主持人 Phil 用工作和生活中的場景來對比這兩個搭配之間的區別。

文字稿

Let’s look at the difference between on time and in time. They often mean the same, but sometimes they are different.

On time means ‘according to a schedule or a deadline’.

If I don’t finish my work on time, my boss will be angry.
My train is never on time.

In time means ‘not too late to be successful’.

I missed my deadline, but I still got the presentation finished in time for the meeting.
My train was late, but it still arrived in time for me to get to work early.

Neither my presentation nor my train were on time – but they were in time for me to do what I needed to do.

It’s good to be on time; it’s even more important to be in time!

The difference is down to how flexible your schedule is – but be careful – sometimes, if you’re not on time, you won’t be in time, either!

用法總結

1. 「On time」 用來談論 「按照某個設定好的計畫、時刻表或者最終期限做某事」,意思是 「按時,準時」。

  • If I don’t finish my work on time, my boss will be angry.
  • My train is never on time.

2. 「In time」 用來談論 「沒有因為太遲而導致事情無法順利進行」,意思是 「及時」。

  • I missed my deadline, but I still got the presentation finished in time for the meeting.
  • My train was late, but it still arrived in time for me to get to work early.

3. 如果條件和日程安排相對寬鬆,那麼有時,雖然沒有做到 「on time(準時)」,但由於做到了 「in time(及時)」,事情還是可以順利進行。

  • Neither my presentation nor my train were on time – but they were in time for me to do what I needed to do.

4. 但有時,比如在時間安排很緊的情況下,如果無法做到 「on time(準時)」,那麼也就沒辦法做到 「in time(及時)」。

  • Sometimes, if you’re not on time, you won’t be in time either!