如何使用感官動詞 see 和 hear?

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內容簡介

英語中的感官動詞(verbs of perception)用來描述人的感官動作。常用的感官動詞有:see(看見)、hear(聽見)、notice(注意到)和 watch(觀看)。本集 「一分鐘英語」 以 「see」 和 「hear」 為例,介紹感官動詞的用法。

文字稿

Hi, Saskia for BBC Learning English here. And today I’m going to tell you about how we use verbs of perception in English.

There are a number of these verbs, but I’m just going to look at two with you now: see and hear.

When we use these verbs, this is the form: first, the verb of perception; then, the object of the sentence; then, we have either the infinitive without to or the -ing form. Here’s an example: ‘I heard him go down the stairs’ or ‘I heard him going down the stairs’.

There’s a slight difference between these two forms. When we use the infinitive, it suggests that we hear or see the whole action or event. Using the -ing form suggests that we hear or see something in progress.

‘I saw her cross the street’ means I saw her cross from one side to the other. ‘I saw her crossing the street’ means I saw her in the middle, on the way across.

用法總結

1. 句式結構

1) 感官動詞 + 受詞 + 動詞原形

  • I heard him go down the stairs.

2) 感官動詞 + 受詞 + 動詞-ing

  • I heard him going down the stairs.

2. 用法區別

1) 感官動詞 + 動詞原形
感官動詞後接動詞原形,表示 「看到或聽到整個過程或事件」,強調動作的完整性。

  • I heard him go down the stairs.
  • I saw her cross the street.

2) 感官動詞 + 動詞-ing
感官動詞後接動詞-ing,表示 「看到或聽到進行中的動作」,強調動作的連續性。

  • I heard him going down the stairs
  • I saw her crossing the street.