簡單倒裝句 用法淺析

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內容簡介

英語語言中的 「倒裝」 指的是把句子當中的部分成分顛倒順序的一種語法手段。使用倒裝句的目的有哪些?怎樣把語序正常的句子變成倒裝句?主持人 Dan 通過簡單的例句,講解一類常見倒裝句的基本用法。

文字稿

Never before (probably) has inversion been explained so quickly or so simply. So pay attention because that’s what we’re doing!

Inversion is something we do in English for emphasis, formality, or style.

‘I will never dance.’

This sentence follows normal word order: subject, auxiliary verb, adverb, verb.

‘Never’ is a negative or limiting adverb. Other examples are: ‘rarely’, ‘hardly’, and ‘not often’.

First, move the negative adverb to the beginning of the sentence.

Then invert, or swap the order of the subject and auxiliary verb! Never will I dance!

If your sentence is affirmative and doesn’t have an auxiliary verb, for example, the present or past simple – then add one!

Rarely do I wake up on time.

Remember – it’s for emphasis, so only do it for a good reason.

用法總結

1. 英語倒裝句的用途:1)表示強調;2)突出正式性;3)體現修辭風格。

  • Never before (probably) has inversion been explained so quickly or so simply.

2. 包含否定或限定副詞的倒裝句基本構成:將一個正常語序的句子(主語+助動詞+副詞+動詞)中的主語與副詞的位置互換,變成 「副詞+助動詞+主語+動詞」。

  • I will never dance. → Never will I dance!

3. 如果原句中沒有助動詞,比如一般現在時或一般過去時的句子,則可根據時態添加一個助動詞,再形成倒裝。

  • I rarely wake up on time. → Rarely do I wake up on time.
  • He hardly ever came to school. → Hardly ever did he come to school.