Their, there, they’re 音同義異

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內容簡介

「Their、there」 和 「they’re」 的發音完全相同,卻是三個完全不同的說法。它們的含義和用法分別是什麼?本期 「一分鐘英語」 通過日常英語會話中的典型場景來辨析三者之間的區別。

文字稿

Hi, I’m Georgina from BBC Learning English. Do you ever wonder about the difference between their, there and they’re?

They are all pronounced the same but have different spellings and are used differently.

Their is used to show plural possession:

It is Phil and Elly’s laptop. It is their laptop. It is Georgina and Roy’s dog. It is their dog.

There is used to identify something for the first time and is often followed by the verb ‘to be’.

There is a cafe near our office, but it’s so expensive. There is a bookshop nearby and it has some nice books.

They’re has the same meaning as ‘they are’ and is often followed by an adjective. Where are Sam and Dan? They’re late – they’re never on time!

用法總結

1. 「Their」 是形容詞性物主代名詞,意思是 「他們/她們/它們的」。

  • It is Phil and Elly’s laptop. It is their laptop.
  • It is Georgina and Roy’s dog. It is their dog.

2. 「There」 的意思是 「在那裡」。我們常用 「there + 系動詞 be」 來首次指明 「某地有某物/人」。

  • There is a cafe near our office, but it’s so expensive.
  • There is a bookshop nearby and it has some nice books.

3. 「They’re」 是 「they are」 的縮寫,意思是 「他們/她們/它們是……」。「They’re」 後面常接形容詞。

  • Where are Sam and Dan? They’re late – they’re never on time!