不定式 to do 的三種用法

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內容簡介

動詞不定式 「to do」 是英語中最常見的結構之一,它用法靈活多樣,令不少英語學習者困惑不已。本集 「一分鐘英語」 視頻總結了不定式 「to do」 最常見的三個用法,幫助你學習並鞏固這個重要的語法知識點。

文字稿

Hi, everyone. Welcome back to English In A Minute. I’m James and today we’re going to talk about three different uses of the infinitive with 『to’.

We can use an infinitive with 『to’ after an adjective.

It’s easy to learn English with the BBC.

Another way to use the infinitive with 『to’ is to talk about the purpose, or the reason, for something.

For example: I went to the shops to buy some milk.
So, in this example I’m saying that the reason I went to the shop was to buy milk.

Finally, use the infinitive with 『to’ after quantifiers. The structure for this is: quantifier + noun + infinitive with 『to’.

For example: I have too many emails to send.
Or: There isn’t enough time to get to the station.

Join us on social media to learn more English. We’re always happy to help!

用法總結

1. 我們可以在形容詞後加上不定式 「to do」,即:形容詞 + 不定式 「to do」。

  • It’s easy to learn English with the BBC.
  • We’re always happy to help!
  • It’s fun to spend time with friends.
  • That’s hard to say.

2. 我們可以用不定式 「to do」 表示做某事的目的或理由。

  • I went to the shops to buy some milk.
  • I am working to save money.
  • Don’t make that face to scare him!
  • Join us on social media to learn more English.

3. 我們可以在量詞後使用不定式 「to do」,結構是:量詞 + 名詞 + 不定式 「to do」。

  • I have too many emails to send.
  • There isn’t enough time to get to the station.
  • There are few pencils left in the studio to draw blueprints with.