用英語道歉的方式 [上集]

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內容簡介

英國人是出了名的愛道歉。「道歉」 用英語怎麼說?在口語會話中,除了可以說 「I’m sorry.」 以外,還有哪些語句可以用來表示自己因犯錯而感到抱歉?看視頻,學習用不同的方式說 「對不起」。

文字稿

Hi, I’m Sam from BBC Learning English. People in the UK have a reputation for saying sorry a lot, so let’s have a look at different ways you can use to do this.

So:
– You can say sorry
– You can be sorry
– And you can apologise

In each case, we use the preposition ‘to’ with a person and ‘for’ to give the reason we’re apologising:

I said sorry to my friend for forgetting her birthday.

After ‘for’ you can use a gerund or a noun.

But if you want a simple statement to say I was wrong, you can use any of these:

My bad.
My mistake.
My apologies. 
It’s all my fault.
Please forgive me. 
I take full responsibility. 
It won’t happen again.

Careful who you say these to – my bad! is very informal and you would probably only say it after making a small mistake. It won’t happen again is probably better in more serious situations.

用法總結

1. 常用的表示 「道歉」 的說法有:say sorry(說對不起);be sorry(感到抱歉);apologise(道歉)。我們可以用介詞 「to」 說明 「向」 某人道歉;用 「for」 引出 「為」 某事或某原因而道歉,「for」 後面可加名詞或 「-ing」 動名詞。

  • I said sorry to my friend for forgetting her birthday.
  • I‘m sorry for the incovenience.
  • She apologised to her brother for breaking his toy by accident.
  • I aplogise for my inapropriate joke earlier.

2. 口語中常見的簡單道歉句式如下。注意使用句子的場合,以下句子按比較輕鬆、不正式至比較嚴肅、正式的順序排列。

  • My bad.
  • My mistake.
  • My apologies.
  • It’s all my fault.
  • Please forgive me.
  • I take full responsibility.
  • It won’t happen again.