單字 while 的五個常見用法

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內容簡介

單字 “while” 既可以作連接詞,也可以作名詞使用,作連接詞時,“while” 有 “在…的時候”、“但是” 和 “雖然” 的意思;作名詞時,它可以指 “一小段時間”。看影片,跟主持人 Sam 學習單字 “while” 的五個常見用法。

用法總結

1. “While” 作連接詞時,可以表示 “在…的時候,與…同時”,注意,“while” 可以放在句首使用,也可以在句中使用,但後者的句子中不使用逗號。

  • While we were sleeping, it snowed!
  • It snowed while we were sleeping!
  • While he was cooking, a parcel arrived.
  • A parcel arrived while he was cooking.

2. “While” 作連接詞時,可以表示 “但是,然而”。

  • One of the twins is shy, while the other is outgoing.
  • It took me an hour to solve this maths problem, while it took her only five minutes!

3. “While” 和 “whilst” 作連接詞時,可以表示 “雖然,儘管”,這是一個相對正式的用法,相當於 “although”。

  • While I know that sugar is bad for me, I can never say no to dessert!
  • While I understand that is your opinion, I’m afraid I do not agree.

4. “While” 作名詞時,指 “一會兒,一段時間”。

  • It’s been a while since we talked.
  • Are you looking for Jessica? I saw her a short while ago.

5. 表達 “worth your while” 的意思是 “值得你下功夫去做,對你有幫助”。

  • Even though we only had a short while together, we hope this lesson was worth your while.
  • Check out this article about how to keep a healthy diet – I promise it will be worth your while.