小測驗 — 混合條件句的用法

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英語中的混合條件句(mixed conditionals)或錯綜時間條件句指同一句話中包含兩種不同時態的句子,分別用來談論不同時間所發生的事情。混合條件句可以表達兩類情況:第一類用來描述一種與過去相反的情況所導致的現在可能發生的結果;第二類用來描述一種與真實情況相反從而導致的與過去相反的可能結果。

混合條件句通常由表示事與願違的虛擬條件句(third conditional)和表現在或未來情況的虛擬條件句(second conditional)的相應成分組成。比如:If I hadn’t graduated from university, I wouldn’t be who I am now. 如果我大學沒畢業,就不會成為現在的自己。前半句使用了過去完成時,表示與過去相反的情況;後半句使用 「would (not) + 動詞原形」 的結構,表示現在有可能發生的結果。做八道題,看看你能否選出時態正確且句意通順的混合條件句。

1. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If Annika will tune her guitar, the sound would be so beautiful.

b) If Annika had been tuning her guitar, the sound could be so beautiful.

c) If Annika hadn’t tuned her guitar, the sound wouldn’t be so beautiful.

d) If Annika wasn’t tuning her guitar, the sound would be so beautiful.

2. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If I hadn’t married an American, I wouldn’t be living in America.

b) If I hadn’t married an American, I wouldn’t have been living in America.

c) If I was going to marry an American, I could be living in America.

d) If I didn’t marry an American, I wouldn’t have lived in America.

3. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If I studied history at university, I could have been a history lecturer.

b) If I was studying history at university, I could be a history lecturer.

c) If I had been studying history at university, I could be a history lecturer.

d) If I had studied history at university, I could be a history lecturer.

4. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If his hearing wasn’t being so bad, he would have heard the doorbell.

b) If his hearing was so bad, he would have heard the doorbell.

c) If his hearing wasn’t so bad, he would have been hearing the doorbell.

d) If his hearing hadn’t been so bad, he would hear the doorbell.

5. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If my manager wasn’t such a good leader, he wouldn’t have understood how to motivate everyone on the new project.

b) If my manager hadn’t have been such a good leader, he wouldn’t have understood how to motivate everyone on the new project.

c) If my manager won’t have been such a good leader, he wouldn’t have understood how to motivate everyone on the new project.

d) If my manager wasn’t such a good leader, he wouldn’t have been understanding how to motivate everyone on the new project.

6. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If Chang wasn’t being interested in justice, he wouldn’t have studied law at university.

b) If Chang wasn’t interested in justice, he won’t have studied law at university.

c) If Chang wasn’t interested in justice, he wouldn’t have been studying law at university.

d) If Chang wasn’t interested in justice, he wouldn’t have studied law at university.

7. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If Chu had passed her driving test, she would be buying a car.

b) If Chu had passed her driving test, she would to buying a car.

c) If Chu had been passing her driving test, she would buy a car.

d) If Chu would have passed her driving test, she would buy a car.

8. Which of the following sentences uses the correct form of the mixed conditional?

a) If I hadn’t been so angry, I wouldn’t have shouted at him.

b) If I wasn’t so angry, I would have shouted at him.

c) If I won’t be angry, I could have shouted at him.

d) If I hadn’t been so angry, I won’t be shouting at him.

答案

1) c, 2) a, 3) d, 4) b, 5) a, 6) d, 7) a, 8) a.