小測驗 — 用動詞 「wish」 表 「願望」

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在表達希望一件事情發生時,應使用的結構是:「wish + 主語 + would」;在表達不願一件事情發生時,應使用的結構是:「wish + 主語 + wouldn’t」。「Wish + 一般過去時」 結構用來表達現在或未來將要發生的事情與自己的願望不符;「Wish + 過去完成時」 結構用來表達對過去發生或沒發生過的事情感到事與願違或後悔。考一考你會不會用 「wish」 來表示 「願望」,做八道測驗題。

1. I wish trains _______ on time.

a) would come

b) were coming

c) could come

d) would have come

2. I wish I _______ that shirt. It shrank in the wash.

a) wouldn’t buy

b) wouldn’t have bought

c) hadn’t have bought

d) hadn’t bought

3. I wish I _______ a lot taller.

a) was being

b) was

c) will have been

d) would be

4. My apartment is so small. I wish it _______ more space.

a) would have

b) will have

c) had

d) was

5. I’d love to be able to speak Japanese. I wish I _______ it when I was young.

a) had learned

b) would have been

c) was learning

d) had been learning

6. I wish you _______ leave your dishes in the sink. You should wash them.

a) didn’t

b) couldn’t

c) wouldn’t

d) hadn’t

7. The concert sounds like it was amazing! I wish I _______ there.

a) could be

b) would have been

c) will have been

d) had been

8. I wish you _______ more carefully to what I tell you.

a) would listen

b) did listen

c) will be listening

d) will listen

答案

1) a, 2) d, 3) b, 4) c, 5) a, 6) c, 7) d, 8) a.