小測驗 — 英語中的引述動詞

104

在漢語裡,人們常用 「xxx 說、講」 等詞語來引述他人的話語。英語中像 「say」 和 「tell」 這類動詞可被稱為引述動詞 「reporting verbs」。你還知道哪些引述動詞? 「Refuse、offer、suggest」 是引述詞嗎?它們怎麼用?做小測驗,學習如何正確引用他人的話。

1. Complete sentence B using the correct reporting verb.
A: My daughter said: 『No, I’m not eating meat! I’m vegetarian now.』
B: My daughter ______.

a) denied eating meat.

b) offered not to eat meat.

c) refused to eat meat.

d) threatened not to eat meat.

2. A: Jamie said: 『I’ll never say anything bad about Jess again.』
B: Jamie ______ never say anything bad about Jess again.

a) promised to

b) threatened to

c) offered to

d) advised to

3. A: 『You must never walk home alone after 7pm. It’s too dangerous,』 I said to Karina.
B: I ______ Karina never to walk home alone after 7pm.

a) asked

b) promised

c) recommended

d) warned

4. She wouldn’t let anyone pay. She ______ for everyone’s meal herself.

a) insisted on paying

b) suggested that she would pay

c) threatened to pay

d) agreed that she would pay

5. I ______ him a lift to the train station, but he said no and got a taxi instead.

a) recommended giving

b) regretted not giving

c) offered to give

d) agreed to give

6. The dentist ______ Angelo to stop eating so many sweets.

a) offered

b) advised

c) accused

d) promised

7. The musician ______ copying the music from another song, saying it was all her original music.

a) admitted

b) regretted

c) suggested

d) denied

8. The police ______ that 27 people had been taken to hospital.

a) confirmed

b) suggested

c) promised

d) encouraged

答案

1) c, 2) a, 3) d, 4) a, 5) c, 6) b, 7) d, 8) a.