小測驗 — 英語前綴

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在很多英語單詞的詞根前加上前綴 「prefixes」,則能使之變為具有全新意思的新詞。常見的英語前綴有 「in-、un-、de-、dis-」 等。比如,在單詞 「certain 確定的」 前面加上前綴 「un-」,組成形容詞 「uncertain」,詞義也隨之變成了 「不確定的」。英語中還有哪些常用前綴?它們的用法分別是什麼?考一考自己對前綴的理解,做下面的八道測驗題。

1. When she was younger, she was very _______ responsible.

a) il-

b) ir-

c) im-

d) de-

2. Yu Yan has travelled the world on her own. She’s highly _______ dependent.

a) il-

b) im-

c) un-

d) in-

3. In countries all over the world, it is _______ legal to buy alcohol under the age of 18.

a) il-

b) un-

c) dis-

d) de-

4. Mika’s boss is so _______ patient. He wants everything done immediately.

a) in-

b) il-

c) im-

d) dis-

5. Eating my cheese without asking is so _______ honest.

a) un-

b) dis-

c) de-

d) in-

6. She’s so clever. That card trick she did was _______ believable!

a) un-

b) dis-

c) im-

d) in-

7. When will this situation ever end? The discussions can’t continue _______ definitely.

a) un-

b) dis-

c) im-

d) in-

8. Will scientists ever _______ code the human genome?

a) dis-

b) un-

c) de-

d) in-

答案

1) b, 2) d, 3) a, 4) c, 5) b, 6) a, 7) d, 8) c.