小測驗 — 英語被動語態

307

在英語中,被動語態 「passive voice」 可以在不提及動作執行者的情況下說明一件事情發生的情況。如果想指明執行動作的人或事物,則應該在謂語動詞和動作執行者的中間加上介詞 「by」,表示 「被……,由……」 的意思。怎樣把主動語態轉換成被動語態?被動語態的構成結構是否隨時態而變化?試做下面的八道題,通過習題鞏固被動語態的相關知識。

1. Which of the following sentences is the passive form of this active sentence?

A: They are questioning the suspect about the crimes.

a) The suspect is questioned about the crimes.

b) The suspect is being questioned about the crimes.

c) The suspect was questioned about the crimes.

d) The suspect was being questioned about the crimes.

2. The hotel _______ when it was burgled.

a) was being renovated

b) is being renovated

c) is renovated

d) has been renovated

3. _______ she will now enter the race to become the next American president.

a) It is being believed that

b) It is believed that

c) The public are believing that

d) The public believed that

4. Which of the following sentences is the correct passive form of this active sentence?
If the police hadn’t arrived to stop the gangs, there would have been a riot.

a) If by the police the gangs hadn’t been stopped, there would have been a riot.

b) If the police hadn’t stopped the gangs, there would have been a riot.

c) If the gangs hadn’t by the police been stopped, there would have been a riot.

d) If the gangs hadn’t been stopped, there would have been a riot.

5. Which of the following sentences is the correct passive form of this active sentence?
People think the animal is a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

a) The animal is a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

b) It’s a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

c) It is thought that the animal that has escaped from the local zoo is a lion.

d) The lion escaped from the local zoo, people say.

6. Complete sentence B using the passive version of sentence A.
A: The basketball players raised the issue after team practice.
B: The issue _______ by the basketball players after team practice.

a) was raised

b) has been raised

c) is being raised

d) had been raised

7. Which of the following sentences is a correct passive sentence?

a) The actor left the theatre and her fans greeted her outside.

b) The actor left the theatre and outside her fans greeted her.

c) The actor left the theatre and was greeted outside by fans.

d) The actor left the theatre and her fans were greeting her outside.

8. Which of the following sentences is not a correct passive sentence?

a) I’m impressed by his great skill in music production.

b) She is said to be among the most accomplished film directors of her generation.

c) If the letter hadn’t been sent, she would never have known.

d) They are holding a conference next month in Rio de Janeiro.

答案

1) b, 2) a, 3) b, 4) d, 5) c, 6) a, 7) c, 8) d.