小測驗 — 表現在或未來情況的虛擬條件句

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英語中的 「第二類條件句 second conditional」 表示與現在或未來事實相反的假定情況,屬於虛擬條件句,又稱作 「非真實條件句」。在這類句子中,從句的謂語動詞大多是過去時;主句中的謂語動詞使用 「would/could/should/might」 + 動詞原型,或 「were to do」 句型。如何用非真實條件句表示 「如果我是你,我就……」、「要是……就好了」?活學活用,做下面的八道題,加深理解,鞏固記憶。

1. I wish my boss _______ me promotion.

a) will give

b) will have given

c) would’ve gave

d) would give

2. If I _______ more time, I would learn another language.

a) have

b) will have

c) had

d) would have

3. I’d retrain and get some new skills if I _______ you.

a) is

b) were

c) am

d) would be

4. This party is so boring. If only I _______ at home watching TV.

a) was

b) would be

c) would’ve been

d) can go

5. If we _______ invent a drug to stop anger, the world would be a peaceful place.

a) can

b) should

c) would

d) could

6. If I _______ to Buenos Aires, I’d definitely go tango dancing!

a) go

b) went

c) would go

d) will go

7. If we _______ our car usage in all countries, we could decrease the impact of global warming.

a) reduced

b) will reduce

c) would reduce

d) will have reduced

8. Which of the following sentences is NOT a second conditional sentence?

a) The dogs would be a lot happier, if we lived in the country.

b) If you read more, you will improve your vocabulary.

c) Would you accept promotion to manager if they offered it to you?

d) If I won the lottery, I would quit my job.

答案

1) d, 2) c, 3) b, 4) a, 5) d, 6) b, 7) a, 8) b.