小測驗 — 關係從句

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英語中的關係從句 「relative clauses」 指由關係詞引導的從句。關係詞指代先行詞,並在關係子句中充當主語。關係詞分為關係代詞——who、which、that;關係副詞——when、where 等。在關係從句中,關係代詞 「who」 指人,「which」 指物;「that」 既可以指人,也可以指物;關係副詞 「when」 指事情發生的時間,「where」 則用來明確地點。做下面的八道測驗題,測一測你是否掌握了關係從句中關係詞的使用方法。

1. Wales, _______ is situated in the south-west of Great Britain, has a population of around 3 million.

a) which

b) where

c) who

d) whose

2. That’s the director _______ film won four Oscars recently.

a) who

b) which

c) whose

d) that

3. Friday night is the night _______ we all go out dancing.

a) where

b) which

c) who

d) when

4. This is the famous hall _______ British politicians have debates.

a) where

b) when

c) who

d) whose

5. That’s the character in the book _______ everyone loves to hate.

a) whose

b) which

c) where

d) who

6. For the main course we had boeuf bourguignon, _______ is a sort of French beef casserole.

a) who

b) where

c) which

d) what

7. Which of the following sentences is correct?

a) That’s the novel that everyone has been talking about lately.

b) A judge is a person in a court of law which decides whether a person is innocent or guilty.

c) It’s a charity where raises money for homeless animals.

d) The Sagrada Familia, where is the most famous building in Barcelona, was designed by Antoni Gaudi.

8. Which of the following is NOT correct?

a) This is the place where there used to be a famous nightclub.

b) Albert Einstein carried out an experiment that changed the world.

c) The hotel that we are staying at has got a massive indoor swimming pool!

d) It’s an online store who sells cool sneakers.

答案

1) a, 2) c, 3) d, 4) a, 5) d, 6) c, 7) a, 8) d.