3D printing human anatomy 用 3D 打印技術製作出的人體解剖模型

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3D printing human anatomy 用 3D 打印技術製作出的人體解剖模型

學習要點

有關 「human biology 人體生物學」 的詞彙

邊看邊答

What is the problem with plastic models of the body?

文字稿

Medical students attempting what many of us might see as impossible – trying to learn and memorise human anatomy. It really is no mean feat.

醫學專業的學生在嘗試做一件我們很多人認為是不可能的事情:他們在學習並記住人體的解剖構造。這真是了不起。

Professor Reddy Mogali, Head of Anatomy, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine
There are so many structures in the body. The organs in the abdomen -they’re relatively easy – but the head and neck anatomies, I felt, is a more complex because of the intricate structures.

雷迪‧莫加利教授      解剖學主任     李光前醫學院
「人體內部有很多結構。腹部器官學起來相對容易,但我覺得頭部和頸部解剖結構更複雜,因為結構更精密。」

Traditionally, students have used plastic models to learn about the body, but they’re rigid and generally not anatomically accurate. There’re also plastinated cadavers, real human bodies injected with Plasticine, but they also have their drawbacks.

一直以來,學生們用塑料模型來瞭解人體的構造,但它們很硬,而且解剖結構也普遍不準確。還有一種模型是被塑化過的屍體,就是注入了橡皮泥的真人屍體,但它們也有它們的缺點。

And because they’re actual human bodies, they are very hard to come by. Professor Mogali was searching for a better way.

而因為它們是真正的人體,所以很難找到。莫加利教授在尋找更好的方法。

Professor Reddy Mogali, Head of Anatomy, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine
So, when I was reading, I learnt about 3D printing technology. I thought, ‘OK, we can also use this technology.’

雷迪‧莫加利教授     解剖學主任     李光前醫學院
「所以,我在看書的時候得知了 3D 打印技術。當時我想:『好吧,我們也可以利用這項技術』。」

Others in the field were 3D printing models of human body parts. Professor Mogali took this a step further. He realised if they used multiple different materials, they can make parts of the body, such as the veins or bones, feel different and even be different colours. Here, after 15 hours on the printer, you have an anatomically correct model of the heart.

該領域的其他研究者用 3D 打印機製作出了人體器官模型。莫加利教授則進一步利用了這項科技。他意識到,如果使用多種不同的材料,就能給血管或骨骼等人體器官模型帶來不同的觸摸感甚至不同的顏色。這台打印機打印了十五個小時後,就做出了一個解剖結構正確的心臟模型。

Relatively cheaper and easier to replicate, they can be used in countries that might otherwise, perhaps for religious reasons, not have access to real human cadavers, helping to better educate the next generation of doctors.

相對便宜又容易複製,這些模型可在因宗教等原因而無法接觸真人屍體的國家使用,以助於更好地培養未來的醫生。

詞彙

anatomy (動植物的)解剖結構

organs 器官

abdomen 腹部

cadavers 人類屍體

問題答案

They are rigid and generally not anatomically accurate.