Clothing and the environment 時裝產業對環境的影響

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本集內容

Clothing and climate change 時裝產業對環境的影響

學習要點

和 “waste 浪費” 有關的詞彙

邊看邊答

What percentage of clothes in the UK end up in landfill?

文字稿

Fashion is worth £28 billion a year to the UK economy. MPs (Members of the British Parliament) say British shoppers buy far more new clothes than any nation in Europe.

時裝產業每年為英國經濟貢獻二百八十億英鎊的產值。英國議會議員們稱,英國消費者購買的新衣服數量比歐洲任何國家都多。

Mary Creagh, Member of Parliament
Clothing production has more than doubled globally over the last 15 years, and in the UK we’re buying twice as much as we were buying 15 years ago. What that means when we have more clothes is that we’re using them, we’re wearing them less.

瑪麗·克雷 英國議會議員
“全球服裝產量在過去的十五年間增長了一倍多,而在英國,我們的購買量是十五年前的兩倍。這意味著當我們有更多的衣服時,使用或穿每件衣服的次數變少了。”

But what happens to all these clothes that are loved and then junked? This warehouse in North London sorts some of them and sends them to charity shops for resale. That saves the environmental impact of making new clothes. But it’s only a tiny proportion of garments and shoes that get recycled. Most are scrapped with around 80% ending up in landfill – around 20% getting incinerated.

但是那些被愛過又被人丟棄的衣服究竟命運如何呢?這個位於北倫敦的倉庫對其中一些進行了分類,然後送到慈善商店轉賣。這樣就減輕了製造新衣服對環境的影響。但只有一小部分服裝和鞋子被回收。大部分則淪為廢品,約80%被倒入垃圾掩埋場,而20%左右則化為灰燼

Andrew Opie, British Retail Consortium
We as retailers have a really big responsibility in making sure that those clothes are as sustainable as possible, and we know from the figures that we’ve been looking at, working with government, how we have cut things like energy and water use. There’s much more we can do.

安德魯·奧佩 英國零售商協會
“作為零售商,我們有很大的責任來確保服裝對環境的長期影響越好,我們從數據中了解到,通過與政府的合作,我們已逐步減少了能源和水的用量。我們能做的還有很多。”

The MPs welcome the move but say there is a fundamental problem with an industry that relies on people throwing away good clothes because they’re last year’s colour. They say fashion firms must try harder.

英議會議員們對這一舉措表示歡迎,但他們表示,這個行業的興盛存在一個根本問題,即依靠消費者扔掉色彩過季的好衣服。他們說,時裝公司應為環保做出更多努力。

詞彙

junked 被丟棄

scrapped 被摒棄,被廢棄

incinerated (廢品)被焚毀

sustainable 可持續的

throwing away 扔掉

你知道嗎?

£44bn is spent annually on clothes in the UK. 30% of clothes in an average wardrobe have not been worn in a year. [Source: Wrap UK]

英國每年在時裝上的支出為440億英鎊。一般衣櫃裡有30%的衣服一整年沒穿過。[數據來源:英國廢物與資源行動計劃]

問題答案

80% of clothes in the UK end up in landfill (a place where rubbish is buried).

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