Decline in richness of marine life near equator 赤道附近海洋生物多樣性有所下降



Decline in richness of marine life near equator 赤道附近海洋生物多樣性有所下降


有關 「climate change(氣候變化)」 的詞彙


What has risen by nearly 0.2 degrees Celsius since 1955?


The tropics, off the coast of Cuba. For thousands of years, these waters have been one of the hotspots of life in the ocean. But in seas like this – near the Earth’s equator – the richness of marine life is shrinking due to climate change.


A new global study – the largest of its kind – has found that since 1955, open-water species declined by about half in tropical oceans. Sea surface temperatures rose by nearly 0.2 degrees Celsius. It’s happening faster than expected.


Sebastian Ferse, coral reef researcher and ecologist
So in geological history, this is a [blip], so it’s just a wink of an eye. And to see such rapid changes, or such changes… occurring so rapidly, is something that’s astonishing, I would say.

塞巴斯蒂安‧弗斯     珊瑚礁研究員和生態學家

Scientists analysed data on more than 48,000 marine species, including fish, molluscs, birds and corals.


It’s the latest research that shows the large systemic changes global warming has had on the biodiversity of the ocean.


And it suggests that the tropics are becoming too warm for many species to survive. Those species that can move are moving to cooler waters.


But for fixed species, like corals, moving is not an option. And staying put in warmer temperatures can lead to higher rates of coral bleaching.


These shifts could devastate the ecosystems left behind, and any fishing and tourism industries that rely on them. It’s another stark warning from scientists that unless we act soon to address the urgency of climate change, it will be too late.



hotspots 熱點地區

a wink of an eye 眨眼間,轉瞬間

systemic 系統性的,影響全面的

devastate 破壞,摧毀

stark 嚴正的,嚴峻的


A new global study found that since 1955, sea surface temperatures rose by nearly 0.2 degrees Celsius.