Discovering London’s history 發現倫敦的歷史



Discovering London’s history 發現倫敦的歷史


有關 「trade 貿易」 的詞彙


Where did William Leftwich import his ice from?


Hidden, buried beneath the bustling streets of London, this ice well, was once one of the largest of its kind – storing and supplying ice to the whole capital.


David Sorapure, Museum of London Archaeology
It was built in the 1780s. Originally, the ice well was used to store ice sourced locally and that would have come from rivers and canals and it was pretty disgusting. There was whatever you can imagine that was floating in a river or canal could have easily ended up in this ice house. But in the 1820s, William Leftwich took over the ice well. He imported his ice from Norway and it was much better quality ice.

大衛‧薩拉普 倫敦考古博物館

And it became big business here in the capital.


After being transported up the Regent’s Canal, the large chunks of ice would have been brought into this egg-shaped well, 9.5 metres deep and 7.5 metres wide. When it was ready, it would’ve been taken to the top and distributed across London.


Grant Lipton, Director of Great Marlborough Estates
It was sold off to the local landowners, who wanted to come and buy a bit of ice, before the days of refrigerators as we know them. And the local landowners would buy it, or it was used for medical use, and people would come along and just buy a small portion.

格蘭‧特立頓 Great Marlborough Estates公司總監

And that wasn’t its only use. It was also sold to butchers, fishmongers, restaurants, and for people entertaining.


David Sorapure, Museum of London Archaeology
What we recognise today as a sorbet – they very popular. It was a way of entertaining your guests with something that was previously only really affordable by the aristocracy. But now, because of the large commercial ice well, that more people are able to access that little luxury.

大衛‧薩拉普 倫敦考古博物館

It managed to survive the Blitz and was rediscovered during recent developments.


It’s hoped that it will be open to the public via a new viewing corridor by next year. But in the meantime, this unique historical site contains only echoes of the past.



supplying 供應

sourced locally 從當地獲取的

imported 進口

distributed 分發

commercial 商業的


The world famous ICEHOTEL in Sweden is a hotel made from ice from the nearby frozen Torne River. In the summer the hotel melts and the water returns to its source.

世界著名的瑞典 「冰雪酒店 ICEHOTEL」 是一家由冰搭建成的酒店,這些冰來自附近結冰的托恩河。每到夏天,酒店融化,水又回到了它的源頭。


He imported his ice from Norway because it was much better quality.