Electrifying Africa 讓非洲全面通電

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Electrifying Africa 讓非洲全面通電

學習要點

有關 「Environmentalism 環境保護」 的詞彙

邊看邊答

What does an electric vehicle in the savannah help people see?

文字稿

Sneaking up on a rare black rhino has never been easier. An electric car can negotiate the savannah in silence. But improving the chances of seeing the ‘Big Five'” is just the beginning for the Swedish start-up company that’s set its sights much wider.
偷偷地接近一頭稀有的黑犀牛從來沒有這麼容易過。一輛電動汽車可以無聲無息地駛過大草原。但對於這家將目光投向更廣闊領域的瑞典初創公司來說,提高人們看到 「非洲五霸」 的機會只是一個開始。

Filip Gardler, Opibus co-founder
Safari vehicles was a perfect entry market, more or less, to enter. They had the need of the tourists visiting having high requirements on sustainability.

菲利普‧嘉德勒                    Opibus 創始人
「遊獵汽車基本上是一個完美的入門市場。他們接待的遊客對生態的可持續性有很高的要求。」

Filip Lovstrom, Opibus co-founder
All across the world, we have 1.1 billion vehicles, so why should we replace all of those with the new electric cars when we instead, can convert them?

菲利普‧勒夫斯特倫            Opibus 聯合創始人
「全世界共有11億輛汽車,那麼我們為什麼要把所有的汽車都換成新的電動汽車,而不是改裝它們呢?」

But these are the big prize. Converting Nairobi’s Matatu mass-transport minibuses to electric would have a huge impact… and there’s currently a surplus of electricity here.
這些才是最難能可貴的:將內羅畢的馬塔圖公共交通小巴改為電動車會產生巨大的影響,而且這裡目前有剩餘電力。

But a huge number of Kenyans are not on the national grid and so are turning to small-scale solutions.
然而有大量的肯尼亞人不能使用國家電網,所以他們轉向小規模的解決方案。

Leah pays a dollar a day for her solar system and can now charge her phone, her torch and watch TV. And having light at night means Samuel can do his homework.
莉婭每天為她的太陽能發電系統支付一美元,她現在可以給手機、手電筒充電,也可以看電視。晚上有燈還意味著塞繆爾可以做作業。

That’s what Ethiopia’s trying to do by building this vast dam across the Blue Nile.
埃塞俄比亞也試圖通過建造橫跨青尼羅河的大壩而讓每家每戶全面通電。

And the waters of the Congo River could power Africa. There are multi-billion dollar plans to extend this Inga project, but miles from any industry it will need to build power lines too.
剛果河的水可以為非洲提供能源。現有數十億美元的計畫來延長這個因加工程,但因此地距離所有行業都很遠,所以它也需要修建輸電線。

Erik Granskog, renewable energy consultant
So, the future of power in Africa is going to be a patchwork, between residential solar, distributed generation, mini-grids and there will be large hydroelectric dams.

埃裡克‧格蘭斯科格            可再生能源顧問
「非洲電力的未來將是一個大雜燴工程,包括住宅太陽能、分佈式發電、微型電網和大型水電大壩。」

Small and silent steps could be the best way to electrify Africa. And like mobile phone technology, leapfrog the need for vast power grids spanning the continent.
小而穩健的步伐可能是讓非洲通電的最好方式。就像移動電話技術一樣,應越過對橫跨大陸巨大電網的需求。

詞彙

sustainability 可持續性

convert (使)轉變,改造

surplus 剩餘

small-scale 小規模的

solar system 太陽能發電系統

問題答案

It helps them see the ‘Big Five’ – lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants and Cape buffalo.