First woman Physics Nobel winner in 55 years 五十五年來首位女性獲諾貝爾物理學獎



First woman Physics Nobel winner in 55 years 五十五年來首位女性獲諾貝爾物理學獎


有關 “inventions 發明” 的詞彙


What is the practical application of Professor Strickland’s research?


The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics … The ultimate scientific accolade. And Professor Donna Strickland is only the third woman ever to have won a Nobel Prize in physics. She and her fellow winners were honoured for what the Nobel Committee called ground-breaking inventions in laser physics. Professor Strickland devised a way to use lasers as very precise drilling or cutting tools. Millions of eye operations are performed every year with these sharpest of laser beams.


How surprising do you think it is that you’re the third woman to win this prize?


Professor Donna Strickland, joint winner, Nobel Prize in Physics
Well that is surprising, isn’t it? I think that’s the story that people want to talk about – that why should it take 60 years? There are so many women out there doing fantastic research, so why does it take so long to get recognised?

唐娜·斯特里克蘭教授 諾貝爾物理學獎共同得主之一

Physics still has one of the largest gender gaps in science. One recent study concluded that at the current rates it would be more than two centuries until there were equal numbers of senior male and female researchers in the field.


The last woman to win a physics Nobel was German-born Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963 for her discoveries about the nuclei of atoms. Before that it was Marie Curie, who shared the 1903 prize with her husband, Pierre. This year’s winners hope that breaking this half century hiatus will mean the focus in future will be on the research, rather than the gender of the researcher.

上一位獲得諾貝爾物理學獎的女性是生于德國的瑪麗亞·格佩特-梅耶,她在1963年憑借其有關原子核的發現而獲獎。在此之前,“居里夫人” 瑪麗·居里和她丈夫皮埃爾在1903年共同獲得了該殊榮。今年的獲獎者們希望打破半世紀以來無女性得主的空白意味著未來人們將更關注研究本身,而非研究者的性別。


ground-breaking 突破性的,開創性的

devised 構思了,發明了

to get recognised 得到認可、表彰

in the field 在該領域內


The Nobel Prize was created by Alfred Nobel (1833-1893), a Swedish chemist and the inventor of dynamite. He used the bulk of his huge fortune to establish annual Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. An Economics Prize was added later.



Professor Strickland’s research is in laser physics: it’s useful in eye operations.