French restaurants fighting climate change 變廢為寶:法國餐廳應對氣候變化

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本集內容

French restaurants fighting climate change 變廢為寶:法國餐廳應對氣候變化

學習要點

有關 「rubbish (垃圾)」 的詞彙

邊看邊答

Why is food waste sent to landfill bad for the environment?

文字稿

French cuisine, but not as you know it. On this idyllic-looking island on the northern outskirts of Paris, a food revolution is underway.
法國菜,但不是你所熟知的那種。在巴黎北郊這座充滿田園風情的島上,一場食物變革正在進行中。

The team here are busy turning waste food from nearby restaurants and hotels into this stuff: compost. This is one of six urban composting sites across France, run by a social enterprise called Les Alchimistes.

這支團隊正忙著把來自附近餐館和酒店的剩菜剩飯變成這個東西:堆肥。這是法國六個城市堆肥場之一,由一家名為 「Les Alchimistes」 的社會企業經營。

Cyrielle Callot, Les Alchimistes
One of the biggest problems we noticed was that 30% of the waste produced within city… within Paris was actually made of organic waste. This goes to landfill, which makes no sense. We decided we could take this organic matter, which is very precious, and turn it into a solution, to turn it into compost.

西里艾爾‧卡洛            Les Alchimistes 公司
「我們注意到的一個最大的問題是巴黎市內產生的 30%的垃圾其實是有機垃圾。這些垃圾會被送往垃圾填埋場,這毫無道理。我們決定把這些非常珍貴的有機物質變成解決問題的辦法,變成堆肥。」

Compost that is then sold in bulk to farmers. This is good for the environment, because when food waste ends up in landfill, it releases methane, a powerful greenhouse gas that warms up the planet.

隨後堆肥被批量賣給農民。這樣做對環境有益,因為食物垃圾被送往填埋場後會釋放甲烷,這是一種強大的溫室氣體,會使地球升溫。

In order to produce the compost a bit faster than you can in your garden, the team rely on industrial composters like these.

為了比你在自家花園裡更快地生產堆肥,這個團隊依靠這種工業堆肥機。

But how does the food waste get here in the first place, you might wonder. A team of cyclists is being assembled to collect the food in cities. More than sixty businesses have signed up and receive multiple visits like this one every day. This hotel was one of the first to get on board.

但這些食物垃圾一開始是怎麼運到這裡的?你可能想知道。一組自行車騎手被召集在一起,在各城市收取食物垃圾。超過六十家企業已經註冊參與,像這家酒店一樣,每天都有人多次前來取垃圾。這家酒店是最先加入該計畫的公司之一。

Cedry Daroso, Campanile La Villette Hotel
Our generation, we are really concerned about everything with [the] climate change and [the] waste of food.

賽德利‧達羅索           維耶特鐘樓酒店
「我們這一代真的很關心一切有關氣候變化和食物浪費的事情。」

If the scheme proves popular, this may become a more common sight in our cities.

如果該計畫確受歡迎,這也許會成為我們城市中更常見的一道風景線。

詞彙

waste food 食物垃圾,剩菜剩飯

compost 堆肥,有機肥料

organic 有機的

landfill 垃圾填埋場

greenhouse gas 溫室氣體

問題答案

Food waste that ends up in landfill releases methane – a greenhouse gas.