Reducing construction waste 減少施工浪費 循環利用托盤

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(本節目中的視頻資源於2021年11月拍攝。)

本集內容

Reducing construction waste 循環利用托盤以減少施工浪費

學習要點

有關 「construction(施工)」 的詞彙

邊看邊答

How many times do they hope to use the new wooden pallets?

文字稿

Wherever you see building works, you’re likely to spot these: wooden pallets.

不論是哪裡的建築工程,都不乏有這些木製托盤的影子。

And here is why they are useful. They allow bulky items to be easily transported. The UK construction industry gets through about 18 million of them each year – and the vast majority are used only once.

木製托盤的用處在於:它們使大件物品易於運輸。英國建築業每年消耗1800萬個托盤,其中絕大多數隻用過一次。

Julia Messenger, Sustainability Manager, BAM
So, when we get pallets, we’ll store them on site and effectively put them in the skip. What we want to move towards though is material reuse, where the pallets are being reused over and over again.

朱莉婭‧梅森傑       BAM 可持續發展經理
「我們收到了托盤後,會把它們存放在工地上,然後就把它們放到廢料箱裡。我們想要實現的是材料的再利用,但我們想朝材料再利用的方向發展,也就是一次又一次地重複利用這些托盤。」

All of those single-use pallets require thousands of hectares of trees to be harvested each year. And of course, manufacturing, transporting and disposing of them creates a significant carbon footprint. So, could these colourful pallets be part of a solution? They don’t look too different, but they’re designed to be stronger, so they can be used multiple times. A group of major construction companies – including BAM – who run this site in Dartford, London, have signed a pledge to address the issue of pallet waste and try a new system devised by a former pallet manufacturer.

製作這些一次性托盤每年需要砍伐數千公頃的樹木。當然,製造、運輸和處理它們會產生巨大的碳足跡。那麼,這些色彩鮮豔的托盤能成為解決方案的一部分嗎?它們看上去與普通托盤沒什麼不同,但設計更堅固,因此可以多次使用。幾家大型建築公司,包括在倫敦達特福德經營這個工地的 BAM 公司,已經許下承諾,保證解決托盤浪費的問題,並試用由一家前托盤製造商設計的新系統。

Paul Lewis, Founder, The Pallet Loop
Today, it’s very much a linear model of distribute and discard at the end. So, we’re looking to create a circular solution.

保羅‧劉易斯       托盤循環(The Pallet Loop)公司創始人
「目前人們遵循的是用完之後就丟棄的線性模式。因此,我們希望創建一個循環式的解決方案。」

A deposit system means the extra cost of these pallets is passed down the supply chain. The hope is that each one can be used at least half a dozen times. Used ones are returned to a local hub for repair and redistribution.

採用押金制度意味著這些托盤的額外成本會沿供應鏈向下傳遞。他們希望每個托盤都能至少使用六次。用過的托盤會送回本地處理中心進行維修和再分配。

The new pallet system is due to take off on building sites early next year.

新的托盤系統將於明年初在建築工地推行。

詞彙

wooden pallets (裝卸、搬運貨物用的)木製托盤

skip 廢料箱

manufacturing 製造

supply chain 供應鏈

building sites 建築工地

問題答案

The hope is that each one can be used at least half a dozen times.