The AI that spots eye disease 用人工智慧技術檢測眼科疾病

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The AI that spots eye disease 用人工智慧技術檢測眼科疾病

學習要點

和 “驚人的變化 surprising changes” 有關的詞彙

邊看邊答

How many eye conditions did the computer detect?

文字稿

On the brinkof going blind, Elaine’s sight was saved by doctors at Moorfields Hospital. This scan showed she needed urgent treatment.

英國摩菲眼科醫院的醫生成功治療了眼看就要失明的伊蓮。這個掃描結果顯示當時她急需治療。

Now artificial intelligence – machines – have learnt how to interpret these complex images. A computer analysed a thousand patients’ scans using a set of rules – an algorithm – and was able to detect over 50 eye conditions. And did not miss a single urgent case.

如今,被俗稱為 “機器” 的人工智慧儀器學會了詮釋這類複雜圖像的方法。這台計算機依據一系列規則,即演算法,分析了一千名病人的眼部掃描圖,檢測出了五十多種眼科疾病。而且沒有漏掉一個緊急病例。

Dr Pearse Keane, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Moorfields Eye Hospital
This is a jaw-dropping result – and I think that it will make most eye specialists gasp. Because, you know, we have shown that this algorithm is as good as some of the world’s leading experts in interpreting these scans.

皮爾斯·基恩博士 眼科主任醫師 英國摩菲眼科醫院
“這個結果令人瞠目結舌,我認為它將會使大多數眼科專家感到震驚。這是因為,我們向人們展示了該演算法分析眼部掃描圖的能力可與一些世界頂級專家相匹敵。”

Using artificial intelligence to diagnose eye disease could be a game changer. That’s because at present, doctors are swamped by the number of scans they have to read. And some patients go blind before they get treated.

使用人工智慧來診斷眼科疾病可能改變該領域的發展形勢。因為目前,醫生不得不為解讀大量的眼部掃描圖而忙得不可開交。而一些患者在有機會接受治療前就失明了。

200 people a day in the UK – like Elaine – develop the blinding form of age-related macular degeneration.

英國每天有200人像伊蓮一樣患上致盲型老年性黃斑部病變。

She only has vision in her right eye – and welcomes the advent of artificial intelligence in healthcare.

她只有右眼還留有視力,她歡迎醫療領域中人工智慧技術的到來

The eye research results, published in the journal Nature Medicine, are so promising that artificial intelligence looks likely to play a key role in the NHS within just a few years.  

這項眼科研究的結果發布在《自然 — 醫學》期刊上,它的前景十分光明,這樣看來,人工智慧將會在短短數年內扮演英國國民保健系統(NHS)中的關鍵性角色。

詞彙

on the brink of 面臨、就要

jaw-dropping 令人震驚的

gasp (因驚訝)倒吸一口氣

game changer 改變形勢的事物

the advent of …的出現

你知道嗎?

American computer scientist John McCarthy (1927-2011) is considered one of the fathers of the discipline of artificial intelligence. He even coined the term in the 1950s.

美國計算機科學家約翰·麥卡錫(1927-2011)被認作是人工智慧領域的先驅之一。“人工智慧” 這個詞就是他在1950年代創造的。

問題答案

The computer analysed a thousand patients’ scans and was able to detect over 50 eye conditions. 

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