Toy-free play trial 英國幼兒園試行 「無玩具月」

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本集內容

Toy-free play trial 英國幼兒園試行 「無玩具月」

學習要點

有關 「play (玩耍)」 的詞彙

邊看邊答

How long did this toy-free trial last?

文字稿

It’s playtime at this nursery in Bristol – magnets, metal, and imagination.

在布里斯托的這家幼兒園,課間遊戲時間到了——磁鐵、金屬和想像力

Prof Paul Howard-Jones, University of Bristol
Well, I think that’s fascinating because that’s not a toy that’s designed for a child to use. So it’s actually quite difficult for Aida to dislodge the bit of metal from the magnet. She’s learning skills of dexterity that she might not learn with a toy that was designed for a two year old.

保羅‧霍華德—瓊斯教授          布里斯托大學
「我認為很有趣,因為這並不是給孩子設計的玩具。所以,艾達其實很難把這塊金屬從磁鐵上拽下來。她在學習靈活動手的能力,這也許是從專為兩歲兒童設計的玩具中學不來的。」

Here shells, boxes and shiny envelopes are allowed. But these aren’t, and were locked away in a cupboard for a month.

這裡,貝殼、盒子和亮閃閃的信封是可以玩的玩具。但這些玩具則碰不得,被鎖在櫃子裡一個月了。

Matt Caldwell, Ilminster Avenue Nursery School
There were some of the older children at the end of the month who said “We really would like our trains back” and our purpose was never to deprive the children, so of course they had them back after the month, but two year olds – they don’t want any of this back at all. And I’d also says it’s interesting what you’ve picked up because you’ve got a female queen and a very male, muscular superhero. Gender is something that can be reinforced through toys.

馬特‧考德威爾          伊爾明斯特街幼兒園
「有些年齡較大的孩子們在月底說:『我們真的想要回我們的玩具火車』。我們的目的是決不奪走孩子們任何東西,所以在試行月結束後,他們自然就拿回了玩具火車。但兩歲的孩子們沒有提出要回任何玩具。我還發現有趣的是,孩子們在這個過程中學到了很多東西,比如,這裡有一個女王和一個非常男性化、肌肉發達的超級英雄。性別概念是可以通過玩具而強化的。」

Having observed the children for the one-month trial earlier this year, staff here say that 75 per cent of the two year olds used more imagination in their play.

在早前的試行月中對孩子們進行了觀察後,這裡的工作人員們表示,有75%的兩歲兒童在玩耍時運用了更多的想像力。

In one three-year-old class, more than half used their imaginations differently. And in another group, between a quarter and a half of boys communicated more imaginatively.

在一個三歲的班級裡,超過半數的兒童以不同的方式運用了想像力。而在另一組中,四分之一到半數的男孩在交流時表現得更有想像力。

So, this is the nursery with very few toys. Although they will play with anything else, including BBC camera equipment!

這就是一個幾乎沒有玩具的幼兒園。不過孩子們除了玩具什麼都玩,包括 BBC 的攝影器材!

詞彙

nursery 幼兒園,托兒所

imagination 想像力

dexterity(手)靈巧

deprive 搶走,奪去

gender 性別

問題答案       

The toy-free trial lasted one month.