Climate change: Top tips to reduce carbon footprint revealed 應對氣候變化 普通人可以採納的減碳方法

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The study’s authors say governments are mainly focused on economic growth when their primary responsibility should be ensuring a stable climate on Earth. They urge the public to contribute by adopting the top ten ways to cut carbon emissions.

這項調查的作者們表示,各國政府主要關注經濟發展,但其首要責任應當是確保地球氣候的穩定。作者們敦促公眾作出貢獻,採納他們列出的十大減少碳排放的方法。

The most important, they say, are stopping flying and selling your petrol or diesel car, if you have one. Going vegan will help, but two people going vegan for a year would be outweighed by just one long-haul flight. Getting an electric car makes a good contribution, along with home insulation and renewable energy.

他們表示,最重要的是停止飛行;賣掉你的汽油或柴油汽車。改吃純素會有幫助,但兩人吃一年純素所減少的碳排量要小於一次長途飛行的碳排量。買電動汽車、安裝家居隔熱材料和使用再生能源都能作出很好的貢獻。

The report’s authors say the ten most effective changes can all be achieved without recourse to controversial new technologies. But they have bad news for ardent recyclers. Recycling saves resources and is worthwhile, they say, but it doesn’t reduce CO2 much.

這項報告的作者們表示,這十大最有效的改變都能在不訴諸有爭議性的新科技的情況下實現。但對於熱衷於回收利用的人們來說,這是個壞消息。因為雖然回收利用能節約資源,也是值得的,但這樣做並不能大量減少二氧化碳的排放量。

詞彙

carbon emissions 碳排放
flying 飛行,乘坐飛機
petrol 汽油
diesel 柴油
going vegan 遵守嚴格素食主義的飲食方法,吃純素食品
outweighed 被趕超,大於
long-haul 長途的
insulation 隔熱材料
renewable energy 可再生能源
recourse to 訴諸於,依賴於
ardent 熱列的,強烈的

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題 。

1. True or false? The report’s authors say governments should mainly focus on economic growth.

2. According to the report, apart from going vegan and stopping flying, what else could make a contribution to reducing carbon footprints?

3. How many of the recommended changes can be achieved without turning to new controversial technologies?

4. Does recycling help reduce a lot of carbon emissions?

答案

1. True or false? The report’s authors say governments should mainly focus on economic growth.
False. The authors say governments are mainly focused economic growth, but their primary responsibility should be ensuring a stable climate on Earth.

2. According to the report, apart from going vegan and stopping flying, what else could make a contribution to reducing carbon footprint?
Selling petrol or diesel cars if you have one, getting an electric car, home insulation and renewable energy.

3. How many of the recommended changes can be achieved without resorting to new controversial technologies?
All ten can be achieved without resorting to new controversial technologies.

4. Does recycling help reduce a lot of carbon emissions?
No. The authors say recycling saves resources and is worthwhile, but it doesn’t reduce CO2 much.