Dogs’ eyes evolve to appeal to humans 研究發現:狗眼進化為吸引人的注意力

427

如果你覺得一隻狗的眼睛似乎在告訴你一件事情或通過眼神得到你的注意,那麼這可能是狗眼睛周圍的肌肉出現了進化。研究人員發現,這樣的進化使得它們能夠做出對人類特別有吸引力的表情。

文字稿

If a dog has eyes that seem to be telling you something or demanding your attention, it could be evolution‘s way of manipulating your feelings, because researchers have identified a muscle that allows dogs to create a puppy eyes expression that helps them bond with their human companions.

如果一隻狗的眼睛似乎在告訴你一件事情或希望得到你的注意,那麼這可能是進化用它獨有的方式在操縱人類的情緒,因為研究人員發現了一個可以讓狗模仿幼犬可愛眼神的肌肉,以幫助它們與人類夥伴建立情感聯結。

Doctor Julianne Kaminski at the University of Portsmouth says this wide-eyed and sometimes melancholy expression seems to elicit a strong nurturing response. The scientists say there is compelling evidence that this physical change have evolved since dogs were domesticated.

朴茨茅斯大學的朱莉安娜‧卡明斯基博士說,這種睜大眼睛,時而憂鬱的表情似乎能引起強烈的愛撫性反應。科學家們說,有令人信服的證據表明,自從狗被馴化以來,這種生理變化已發生了進化。

1. 詞彙表

attention 注意力
evolution 進化
manipulating 操縱,控制
muscle 肌肉
expression 表情
bond 聯結,關係,紐帶
companions 夥伴
melancholy 憂鬱的
elicit 引發
nurturing 照看,愛撫
domesticated 被馴化了

2. 閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題 。

1. What is it that allows a dog to make its puppy dog expression?

2. True or false? The expression that helps dogs bond with humans is only found in puppies.

3. When did scientists think this physical change in dogs began?

4. Describe how this ‘puppy eyes’ expression looks, according to the report.

3. 答案

1. What is it that allows a dog to make its puppy dog expression?
Scientists have identified a muscle that allows dogs to create a ‘puppy eyes’ expression that helps them bond with their human companions.

2. True or false? The expression that helps dogs bond with humans is only found in puppies.
False. The puppy eyes expression that helps them bond with their human companions can be seen in dogs of all ages.

3. When did scientists think this physical change in dogs began?
The scientists say there is compelling evidence that this physical change has evolved since dogs were domesticated (= when they became pets or used by humans for work.)

4. Describe how this ‘puppy eyes’ expression looks, according to the report.
The expression is described as wide-eyed and sometimes melancholic – sometimes described as a 『puppy eyes’ expression.