Future-proofing coffee in a warming world 經得住氣候變暖考驗的咖啡品種

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科學家們表示,一種之前 「被遺忘」 的、能生長在更溫暖環境中的咖啡植物或許能幫助未來的咖啡飲品抵禦氣候變化。據預測,我們也許很快就能品嚐到狹葉咖啡(Stenophylla)的味道,這是一種來自西非的稀有野生咖啡品種,味道很像小粒咖啡(Arabica),但生長在更溫暖的環境中。

A fresh brew prepared from the roasted beans of Arabica, the high-quality coffee that dominates the multibillion-pound coffee industry.

這是用烘焙過的小粒咖啡豆製作的一杯新鮮咖啡,在價值數十億英鎊的咖啡產業中,小粒咖啡是最主要的優質咖啡品種。

But as temperatures rise and droughts intensify, good coffee will become increasingly difficult to grow and expensive to buy.

但隨著氣溫上升和乾旱加劇,優質咖啡將越來越難以種植,購買成本也越來越高。

That’s why experts are searching among more than a hundred wild coffee species for a plant that can tolerate warmer and drier conditions.

這就是為什麼專家們正在從上百個野生咖啡品種中尋找一種能耐受更溫暖、更乾燥環境的植物。

And they say we could soon be sipping on Stenophylla, a coffee from Sierra Leone that was recently rediscovered after not being seen in the wild for more than fifty years.

專家們說,我們可能很快會品嚐到來自塞拉利昂的 「狹葉咖啡」 了,它在野生環境中消失了五十多年後,最近被重新發現了。

詞彙表

brew 煮好的飲料,此處指沖泡咖啡
roasted beans 經過烘焙的咖啡豆
high-quality 優質的
droughts 乾旱,旱災
intensify 加劇
tolerate 經受,耐受
sipping on 啜飲,小口喝
rediscovered 被重新發現
in the wild 在野生、自然環境下

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. True or false? Good coffee will become cheaper to buy.

2. What is Arabica?

3. Experts are searching among more than a hundred wild coffee species for something. What are they looking for?

4. Where does the coffee Stenophylla come from?

答案  

1. True or false? Good coffee will become cheaper to buy.
False. As temperatures rise and droughts intensify, good coffee will become increasingly difficult to grow and expensive to buy.

2. What is Arabica?
It is the high-quality coffee that dominates the multibillion-pound coffee industry.

3. Experts are searching among more than a hundred wild coffee species for something. What are they looking for?
They are searching for a plant that can tolerate warmer and drier conditions.

4. Where does the coffee Stenophylla come from?
It comes from Sierra Leone.