Link found between obesity and depression in children 科學家發現兒童肥胖與抑鬱之間存在聯繫

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英國的一項大型研究表明,肥胖的七歲兒童長到十一歲時受情緒問題困擾的風險更高。利物浦的研究人員們發現,肥胖與心理健康密切相關,而且這一聯繫在整個童年時期逐漸加深。

文字稿

The researchers analysed data on more than 17,000 children up to the age of 14, alongside reports from parents on their children’s emotional wellbeing. From the age of seven, the study found obesity and emotional problems, such as feelings of anxiety and low mood, were closely linked and gradually increased throughout childhood.

研究人員們分析了 1.7 萬多名 14 歲以下兒童的數據,同時分析了家長對孩子心理健康狀況的報告。研究發現,從 7 歲開始,肥胖與焦慮、情緒低落等情緒問題之間的聯繫非常緊密,而且這種聯繫在整個童年時期逐漸加深。

Girls tended to have a higher body mass index and more emotional problems than boys. The findings suggest that the causes of obesity are complex and telling children to eat less and exercise more, may not be enough to reduce childhood obesity on its own.

女孩子的體重指數往往高於男孩子,也有更多的情緒問題。研究結果顯示,導致肥胖的原因是複雜的,而只靠提醒孩子們少吃多運動,可能不足以減少兒童肥胖。

1. 詞彙

emotional wellbeing 心理健康
obesity 肥胖
anxiety 焦慮
low mood 情緒低落
body mass index 體重指數
findings 研究結果,調查發現
complex 複雜的

2. 閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題 。

1. True or false? Eating less and exercising more are the only ways to reduce obesity in children.

2. According to this research, how did obesity and emotional problems change through childhood?

3. What examples of emotional problems were mentioned in the report?

4. According to this research, what was it that girls had more of than boys?

3. 答案

1. True or false? Eating less and exercising more are the only ways to reduce obesity in children.
False. The findings suggest that the causes of obesity are complex, and telling children to eat less and exercise more may not be enough to reduce childhood obesity on its own.

2. According to this research, how did obesity and emotional problems change through childhood?
The study found obesity and emotional problems gradually increased throughout childhood from the age of seven.

3. What examples of emotional problems were mentioned in the report?
Examples of the emotional problems mentioned were feelings of anxiety and low mood.

4. According to this research, what was it that girls had more of than boys?
The study found girls tended to have a higher body mass index and more emotional problems than boys.